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KNOWLEDGE AND ACCEPTANCE OF ORAL REHYDRATION THERAPY OF MOTHERS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF DIARRHEA IN CHILDREN 0-5 YEARS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Diarrhea is a disease of the gastrointestinal tract, characterized by abdominal fluidity and frequently of fecal evacuation, three or more or at least one bloody stool in a 24 hours period. It is not unusual to also find mucus in the stool (Ifeoma, Achadu, Kpurkpur, Drenkat, 2017). […]

AN EXAMINATION OF THE PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACT OF STRESS AMONG NURSES AND MIDWIVES IN GWARINPKA GENERAL HOSPITAL, ABUJA

CHAPTER ONE   INTRODUCTION   1.1 Background To The Study Recently, there has been a rising understanding that workplace stress has unpleasant consequences for both individuals’ health and safety and the health and performance of their businesses (Payne, 2001). This notion is reflected not just in public and media attention, but also in the growing […]

AN INVESTIGATION OF CHILD CARE STRESS AMONG NURSING MOTHERS IN ANAMBRA STATE

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study Working women who are also nursing a child now account for a significant portion of the labor force [Marshall,2009], and despite global recognition of women’s social status, maintaining the home and caring for children are still seen as maternal roles [Friedman,2003], particularly during the transition to parenthood [Seto,2004]. […]

ASSESS THE IMPACT OF UNPROFESSIONALISM OF MEDICAL PRACTITIONERS IN HANDLING SICK PATIENT IN NIGERIAN HOSPITALS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1    Background of the study Health is seen as one of the most important services provided by the government and a significant proportion of the nation’s wealth is usually devoted to health particularly in developed countries. Worldwide there has been growing public concern regarding the ethical conduct of healthcare professionals. This […]

POOR NUTRITION DURING LACTATION: THE GROSS IMPLICATIONS FOR NEWBORNS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION All human beings need a balanced amount of nutrients for proper functioning of the body system. Nutrition is a fundamental pillar of human life, health and development throughout the entire life span (Daba, Beyene, Fekadu & Geroma, 2018). Proper food and good nutrition are essential for survival, physical growth, mental development, performance […]

A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE ACCEPTANCE AND PERCEPTION OF CAESAREAN SECTION AMONG FEMALE STAFF IN UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR TEACHING HOSPITAL

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY In most poor nations, including Nigeria, the primary cause of death among pregnant women is maternal mortality (Eni-Olorunda and Otito, 1 ). According to Mboho and Moller (2013), an estimated one-third of all maternal fatalities worldwide occur in just two countries: India and Nigeria. According to UNFPA (3], […]

AN EXAMINATION OF THE PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACT OF STRESS AMONG NURSES AND MIDWIVES IN GWARINPA GENERAL HOSPITAL, ABUJA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background To The Study Recently, there has been a rising understanding that workplace stress has unpleasant consequences for both individuals’ health and safety and the health and performance of their businesses (Payne, 2001). This notion is reflected not just in public and media attention, but also in the growing concern expressed […]

UTILIZATION OF NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE SCHEME(NHIS) AMONG HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS WORKING AT UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL, ITUKU- OZALLA, ENUGU

Abstract The difficulties encountered in out of pocket financing of healthcare have compelled the introduction of pre paid health insurance in many countries, including Nigeria. This is borne out of a universal and equitable healthcare cover as a fundamental human right. This initiative works on pooling of resources. This study assessed the utilization of National […]

AN ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY OF ANTENATAL CARE SERVICES IN PRIMARY HEALTH CENTRES IN AWKA SOUTH LGA OF ANAMBRA STATE

ABSTRACT Background: Antenatal care is a basic component of any reproductive health care programme and reproductive health is one of women’s fundamental human rights. It aims to achieve optimal health outcomes for the mother and the baby through early detection of complications and prompt treatment and it is one of the recommended interventions to reduce […]

AN ASSESSMENT OF PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) OF HIV/AIDS IN ENUGU HOSPITALS

Abstract Introduction: Pregnant women living with HIV are at high risk of transmitting HIV to their infants during pregnancy, birth or through breastfeeding and without any interventions, between 20% and 45% of infants may become infected with an estimated risk of 5- 10% during pregnancy, 10-20% during labour and delivery, and 5-20% through breastfeeding.  Objective: […]

THE PREVALENCE AND TREATMENT OUTCOME OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN TUBERCULOSIS REFERRAL HOSPITAL EKU, DELTA STATE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by bacteria generally referred to as mycobacterium tuberculosis; almost every organ in the body can be affected, but involvement of the lungs account for more than 80% of TB cases. Tuberculosis affecting the lungs is called Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB), while […]

THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF BREAST SELF- EXAMINATION AMONG NURSES IN THE EFFIA NKWANTA REGIONAL HOSPITAL IN THE SEKONDI TAKORADI METROPOLIS

ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to compare the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self-examination among nurses in Effia Nkwanta Regional Hospital of the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis in the Western Region of Ghana. Five research questions were formulated to guide the study. The descriptive design was used to conduct the study. The […]

THE IMPACT OF TRADITIONAL BIRTH ATTENDANT PRACTICE IN THE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

ABSTRACT The study is designed to examine the impact of traditional birth attendant practices (TBAs) in primary health care and on women. Randomly-selected women (n=100) were interviewed to gain a more thorough understanding of the impact of traditional birth attendant practices (TBAs) in primary health care. Research question 1: what made women start receiving care […]

SURVEY OF DRUGS PRESCRIBED FOR THE TREATMENT OF MALARIA AND COMPLIANCE LEVEL AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN TERTIARY HOSPITALS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT   The purpose of this study was to survey antimalaria drug prescriptions and compliance to treatment among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in the two tertiary hospitals in Enugu State. The study surveyed 92 doctors from UNTH and ESUTH Parklane, Enugu. 368 pregnant women from both hospitals (156 from ESUT and 212 From UNTH) […]

SOME ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES FOR IDENTIFYING OBESITY IN PREGNANCY

Abstract   Obesity in pregnancy is currently a major health problem worldwide according the WHO. Prevalence of obesity during pregnancy has doubled in the past 20 years, and obesity is strongly associated with poor gestational and perinatal outcomes. Pregnancy is characterized as a brief observation period in which the anthropometric index undergoes rapid changes. The […]

SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS AS DETERMINANTS OF QUALITY OF LIFE OF DIABETIC PATIENTS IN NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL NNEWI ANAMBRA STATE

ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to assess the socioeconomic factors as determinants of the quality of Life of diabetic patients in NAUTH. Some research questions and hypotheses were set to guide the study. A cross sectional correlation research design was adopted for the study. A sample of 226 respondents was drawn from the […]

SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC DIFFERENCES IN MULTIPLE RISK TAKING BEHAVIOUR PATTERN AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS IN ENUGU URBAN.

ABSTRACT  The study determined the socio demographic differences in multiple risk taking behaviour patterns among secondary school adolescents in Enugu urban. Six (6) objectives and five (5) hypotheses were set to guide the study. Relevant literatures were reviewed to enhance the theoretical background of the study. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. A […]

SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF NUTRITIONAL PRACTICE IN PREGNANCY AMONG EXPECTANT MOTHERS ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINIC IN KWALE DELTA STATE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1  Background to the Study Pregnancy is the most vital time for having a proper nutrition plan. The high demand for nutrients is to deposit energy in to the new and developing tissues, the growth of maternal mother tissues including the breast and the uterus, and the increased energy necessities for tissue […]

PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT INFECTION AND DEMOGRAPHIC DIFFERENTIALS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL, ENUGU

ABSTRACT  Urinary tract infection (UTI) represents a serious health problem in pregnant women. The severity of urinary tract infection depends both on the virulence of the bacteria and the susceptibility of the host. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of urinary tract infection and demographic differentials among pregnant women in University […]

PREVALENCE OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RISK FACTORS AMONG ADULTS IN ORLU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IMO STATE- NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of worldwide preventable morbidity and mortality. Globally certain risk factors have been found to account for up to 90% of cardiovascular disease and a large percentage are preventable through the reduction of the modifiable risk factors. However it is reported that there are millions of people with undiagnosed […]

POSTPARTUM HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE OF MOTHERS AT 12 WEEKS AFTER VAGINAL AND CAESARIAN DELIVERY IN SELECTED HOSPITALS IN ENUGU, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The process of birth may mean extra pressure on a mother’s well being, and this could affect her quality of life (QoL). Mothers are often expected to adjust from pregnant to pre-pregnancy health states irrespective of the mode of delivery. Due to paucity of published Nigeria based studies on postpartum Health Related Quality of […]

PERCEPTION AND SATISFACTION OF WOMEN TOWARDS THE QUALITY OF ANTENATAL CARE SERVICES IN NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL NNEWI

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background of the Study Antenatal care refers to the care that is given to a pregnant women woman from the time that conception is confirmed until the beginning of labour. This is also viewed as an important point of contact between health workers and women and an opportunity for provision of […]

PERCEPTION AND ACCEPTANCE OF CAESAREAN SECTION AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN (A CASE STUDYIN IUTH OKADA, EDO STATE)

Abstract This study was carried out on perception and acceptance of caesarean section among pregnant women in Igbinedion University Teaching Hospital (IUTH), Okada, Edo state. Maternal mortality is unacceptably high in low resource countries. This is disturbing, considering that some of these deaths are preventable through caesarean section. To determine the perception and factors associated […]

PATIENT PERCEPTION AND SATISFACTION WITH HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS AT PRIMARY CARE FACILITIES

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background of Study Primary Health Care forms the bedrock of the health-care services of a country. It is the quality of health care available to the majority of the population that determines the health status of the country and is the best indicator for the level of social development of the […]

Nurses’ Perception of Pain Assessment of Hospitalized Patients

ABSTRACT  The study investigated nurses’ perception of patients’ pain assessment in routine care. It was a crosssectional descriptive research design. Four hundred and fifty (450) nurses working in the two tertiary institutions in Ebonyi State were used. Two instruments were used for data collection. The researcher developed questionnaire and in depth interview guide to validate […]

NURSES ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE MANAGEMENT OF PAIN IN POST-OPERATIVE PATIENTS IN IMO STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL ORLU.

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to investigate nurses’ attitude towards the management of pain in post -operative patients in Imo State University Teaching Hospital Orlu. It was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving one hundred and ten (110) nurses working in the surgical wards of the hospital. The instrument for data collection was a […]

NON ADHERENCE TO MANAGEMENT REGIMEN AMONG ADULTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS ATTENDING OUTPATIENT CLINIC OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL ENUGU.

ABSTRACT Chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus require daily self management and long term therapies. Regimen adherence poses a unique challenge for patients with chronic illnesses including diabetics resulting to repeated hospital admissions, amputations and even death. There is paucity of information on regimen adherence behaviour among diabetic patients attending diabetic clinic at University of […]

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF STANDARD PRECAUTIONS AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN FEDERAL TEACHING HOSPITAL IDO-EKITI

ABSTRACT Standard precautions are a set of guidelines that aim to protect health care workers from infections from blood, body fluids secretions, excretions except sweat, non-intact skin, and mucous membranes while providing care to patients. However, compliance to the standard precautions is often low in low-income countries in spite of the greater risk of infection. […]

MEASURES UTILIZED FOR PREVENTION OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION IN THE LABOUR WARD OF UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR TEACHING HOSPITAL (UCTH), CALABAR

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Nosocomial infection also known as Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI) is a localized or systemic infection acquired in a hospital or any other health care facility by a patient admitted for a reason other than the pathology present during admission. It may also include an infection acquired in a […]

MATERNAL HEALTH CARE SEEKING BEHAVIOUR AND PREGNANCY OUTCOME IN UDI AND ABIA COMMUNITIES ENUGU STATE

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the maternal health care seeking behaviour and pregnancy outcome of pregnant women in two rural communities in Enugu State. The objectives of study were to: (i) determine the gestational age at which pregnant women book for Antenatal Care(ANC) in Udi and Abiacommunities, (ii)determine how often pregnant […]

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF PATIENT TEACHING AMONG NURSES WORKING IN TERTIARY HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN ENUGU

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of patient teaching among nurses working in selected tertiary health institutions in Enugu. The objectives of the study were to determine the nurses’ knowledge of patient teaching, attitude towards patient teaching and practice of patient teaching. A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was […]

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION OF LASSA FEVER AMONG PEOPLE ATTENDING PHC

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background of Study Lassa fever is one of the diseases for which weekly epidemiological reporting to the health authorities is being done in Nigeria. A rapidly changing epidemiological pattern had been reported over the years (Ogbu, Ajuluchukwu and Uneke, 2007). It causes mortality and morbidity where outbreaks occur worldwide including Nigeria […]

KNOWLEDGE OF BREAST CANCER, PRACTICE OF BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION AND BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION ENHANCEMENT STRATEGIES AMONG FEMALE UNDERGADUATES IN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS IN IMO STATE

Abstract This study was undertaken to determine the knowledge of breast cancer, practice of breast self-examination (BSE) and formulate BSE enhancement strategies among female undergraduates in higher institutions in Imo State. To guide the study, eleven specific objectives with corresponding research questions were formulated, while eight null hypotheses were postulated. The study utilized descriptive survey […]

KNOWLEDGE OF BREAST CANCER, ATTITUDE TOWARDS BREAST CANCER SCREENING AND PRACTICE OF BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF IIUM KUANTAN

Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Background of the study Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among women and the top cancer in women both in the developed and the developing world (WHO, 2017). Breast cancer affects women all around the world, but the majority (69%) of all breast cancer deaths occur in developing countries. The […]

KNOWLEDGE AND UTILIZATION OF POST ABORTION CARE SERVICES AMONG WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN OBANLIKU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF CROSS RIVER STATE

ABSTRACT  The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge and utilization of post abortion care among women of reproductive age (15 – 49 years) in Obanliku Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. The research utilized a descriptive survey design and a sample size of 350 women of reproductive age (15 – […]

KNOWLEDGE AND USE OF GLASGOW COMA SCALE FOR NEUROLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF PATIENTS AMONG NURSES IN THE UNIVERSITY OF BENIN TEACHING HOSPITAL, BENIN CITY, EDO STATE.

ABSTRACT Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is a neurological assessment tool that gives a reliable, objective way of recording the level of conscious state of a person. Assessment of consciousness level is considered a primary action of health care practitioners, including nurses, who care for the patients with neurological or neurosurgical problems. Growing evidence suggests that […]

KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF SCREENING FOR BREAST AND CERVICAL CANCER AMONG WOMEN IN UYO, AKWA IBOM STATE

ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to investigate the knowledge and practice of screening tests for breast and cervical cancers among women in Uyo. Four specific objectives and corresponding research questions and hypotheses were used in the study. A descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted for the study. A multistage sampling technique was used to […]

KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION OF HYPERTENSION AND ITS MANAGEMENT AMONG CLIENTS/PATIENTS

ABSTRACT Hypertension is an important public health challenge at Auchi Nigeria. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological survey was to determine hypertensive patients’ knowledge, perceptions, attitudes and life-style practices so as to optimize their health and treatment needs. We examined a cohort of 108 randomly selected hypertensive by means of a self-structured questionnaire and a […]

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF PREGNANT WOMEN TOWARDS PRENATAL AND POSTNATAL EXERCISE IN MADONNA UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL (MUTH)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to Study Safe maternity with improved neonatal outcomes is predicated on proper antenatal care services. Exercise has become a fundamental aspect of women’s lives and an important constituent of antenatal care. Wang and Apgar submitted that empirical data on the impact of exercise on the mother, the fetus, and the […]

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE AS CORRELATE OF ADDHERENCE TO PREMARITAL SICKLE CELL SCREENING AMONG ADULT STUDENTS’ OF NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY AWKA, ANAMBRA STATE.

ABSTRACT Premarital sickle cell screening is a test done to screen intending couples in order to determine their genotype before marriage. This study investigated the knowledge and attitude of adult students of Nnamdi Azikiwe University (NAU), Awka as correlate of adherence to premarital sickle cell screening.  A cross sectional descriptive research design was used for […]

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE AS CORRELATE OF ADHERENCE TO PREMARITAL SICKLE CELL SCREENING AMONG ADULT STUDENTS’ OF NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY AWKA, ANAMBRA STATE.

                                                                     ABSTRACT Premarital sickle cell screening is a test done to screen intending couples in order to determine their genotype before marriage. This study investigated the knowledge and attitude of adult students of Nnamdi Azikiwe University (NAU), Awka as correlate of adherence to premarital sickle cell screening.  A cross sectional descriptive research design was used […]

INVESTIGATING THE SERVICES AND PRACTICES OF TRADITIONAL BIRTH ATTENDANTS IN MATERNAL AND NEONATAL HEALTH CARE IN SOUTHERN IJAW LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BAYELSA STATE

ABSTRACT Traditional Birth Attendants are traditional, independent non-formally trained and community based provider of care during pregnancy, labour and post partum period. Despite the important role TBAs play, some of their services and practices are very crude and ineffective. This analytical descriptive survey was therefore carried out to investigate the services and practices of TBAs […]

HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE OF WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER AND THOSE WITHOUT CANCER AT UNTH ITUKU/OZALLA ENUGU

Abstract Breast cancer is a serious, stressful and life-threatening disease. Breast cancer survivors increasingly experience long-term side effects that influence their quality of life (Wonghongkul, Dechaprom , Phumivichuvate & Losawatkul,2006).This descriptive study was conducted on the health related quality of life of women with breast cancer and those without cancer at the university of Nigeria […]

HEALTHCARE COST AND UTILIZATION OF HEALTHCARE SERVICES BY THE INSURED AND UNINSURED CIVIL SERVANTS IN SELECTED FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES IN ABAKALIKI

ABSTRACT One major component of access to healthcare is utilization of healthcare services. The National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) was designed to reduce the impact of poverty on the ability of the enrollee to utilize healthcare services. The question is has NHIS increased the utilization of health care services and offered financial protection to its […]

FOOD CRAVING AND AVERSION AMONG FIRST TIME PREGNANT WOMEN IN SELECTED HEALTH FACILITIES IN ENUGU METROPOLIS ENUGU STATE

ABSTRACT This study was aimed at examining the food craving and aversion among first time pregnant women in selected health facilities in Enugu metropolis. The objectives of this study were to determine the type of food first time pregnant women crave for or have aversion to, identify their reasons for their specific food craving and […]

HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOR TOWARDS HEALTH PROMOTION AMONG FAMILIES WITH ELDERLY IN ISIALA MBANO LGA IMO STATE

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to find out the health seeking behavior towards health promotion among families with elderly in Isiala Mbano LGA Imo State. To achieve this purpose the ex- post facto research design was used to assess 399 respondents drawn from three clans of Isiala Mbano LGA through stratified sampling technique. […]

FACTORS INFLUENCING APPLICATION OF CLINICAL INSTRUCTIONS IN NURSING PRACTICE AMONG NURSING STUDENTS IN MADONNA UNIVERSITY

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study Learning is a change in behaviour over time that is brought about by experience during training in educational encounter (Akubuiro and Joshua, 2003). Training as part of education, is the acquisition of knowledge, skills and competence as a result of the teaching of practical skills and knowledge […]

A STUDY ON BIRTH PREPAREDNESS AND COMPLICATION READINESS AMONG WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN ENUGU METROPOLIS

ABSTRACT Background:Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BP/CR) is a strategy to promote the timely use of skilled maternal and neonatal care, especially during childbirth, based on the theory that preparing for childbirth and being ready for complications reduces delays in obtaining this care. Objective: To assess knowledge and practice of birth preparedness and complication readiness […]

COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE USE AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

Abstract This study was designed to obtain information on the use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) among pregnant women in Udi LGA of Enugu State. Cross sectional descriptive survey design was used for the study. A sample of 400 pregnant women was systematically drawn from the twenty political wards in Udi Local Government Area […]

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PATIENTS’ AND NURSES’ PERCEPTIONS OF NURSE CARING BEHAVIOURS IN TWO TERTIARY HOSPITALS IN JOS

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to comparatively assess patients’ and nurses’ perceptions of nurse caring behaviours in Jos University Teaching hospital (JUTH) and Plateau State Specialist Hospital (PSSH) Jos. A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was employed to study 332 patients and nurses. No sampling was done as all the subjects who met the […]

ATTITUDE OF NURSING STUDENTS’ TOWARDS THE MENTALLY ILL BEFORE AND AFTER PSYCHIATRIC TRAINING EXPERIENCE IN FEDERAL NEUROPSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL ENUGU, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Globally, a persistent negative attitude and social rejection of people with mental illness has prevailed throughout history in every social and religious culture. Having a mental health problem often stimulates with it a negative attitude, and such negative attitudes towards the mentally ill constitute great burden. This study aimed at assessing the attitude of […]

ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING AMONG FEMALE HEALTH WORKERS IN UNIVERSITY OF PORT HARCOURT TEACHING HOSPITAL, PORT HARCOURT RIVERS STATE

ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to examine the attitude and practice of female health workers towards cervical cancer screening (CCS) in the university of Port Harcourt teaching hospital (UPTH), Rivers state. The descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. A sample size of 352 was used for the study. This sample size […]

ASSESSMENT OF TERMINALLY ILL PATIENTS’ PERCEPTION ON COMMUNICATION OF PROGNOSTIC INFORMATION BY HEALTHCARE PROVIDERS IN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL, ITUKU/OZALLA.

ABSTRACT This study investigated terminally ill patients’ opinion on communication of prognostic information by healthcare providers. It specifically determined the views of terminally ill patients on what healthcare providers communicated to them about their prognosis; which of the healthcare providers that communicates prognostic information to terminally ill patients; the condition under which healthcare providers communicate […]

EFFECTIVENESS OF EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF UNDER-5 CHILDREN

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of exclusive breastfeeding in the development of children under-five in Benue State, Nigeria. To achieve this purpose, 10 hospitals were randomly selected using multi-stage sampling technique (simple random, stratified, and purposive sampling techniques). The data was collected using close-ended questionnaire. 500 questionnaires were distributed […]

DETERMINANTS OF CHILD BEARING WOMEN’S CHOICE HEALTH CARE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study Increasing women’s access to quality skilled attendant has become a focus of global efforts to realize the right of every woman to the best possible healthcare during pregnancy and childbirth (UNFPA, 2010). Several authors have postulate that skilled attendants during labour, delivery and in the early […]

THE IMPACT OF HEALTH EDUCATION TOWARDS COMPLIANCE OF IMMUNIZATION AMONG CHILDREN 0-5 YEARS IN AHOADA GENERAL HOSPITAL, RIVERS STATE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background to the Study Immunization is one of the safest and most effective interventions to prevent disease and early child death. Although, about three quarters of the world‘s child population is reached with the required vaccines, only half of the children in Sub-Sahara Africa (WHO/IVB, 2009) get access to basic immunization. […]

AWARENESS OF THE DANGERS OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY AND MOTHERHOOD AMONG TEENAGE MOTHERS IN IKA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1    Background of Study The number of teenagers giving birth each year is staggering. In fact more than 10% of young mothers are teenagers. Nigerian birth rate for adolescent is one of the highest in the world and the prevalence among female adolescent in Nigeria of sexually transmitted infection including HIV is […]

ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO-CULTURAL RISK FACTORS FOR MATERNAL MORTALITY AMONG CHILDBEARING WOMEN IN AMECHI AWKUNANAW IN ENUGU

Abstract Socio-cultural risk factors for maternal mortality was noticed by the researcher during her community posting programme in Amechi Awkunanaw, where 2 out of every 20 deliveries resulted in death of a mother in addition to unregistered deaths. It was also observed that those deaths were most often connected with poor knowledge of risk factors […]

ASSESSMENT OF SAFE MOTHERHOOD PRACTICES AMONG WOMEN RECEIVING ANTE NATAL CARE IN NKPOR URBAN, ANAMBRA STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Background: Most developed countries have made significant progress in addressing maternal morbidity and maternity, but it appears that countries with very high maternal mortality burdens have made little progress in improving maternal health outcomes.  Despite having only about 2% of the world’s population, Nigeria contribute about 10% of the World’s maternal deaths8 knowledge about […]

ASSESSMENT OF ACCESS AND USE OF PROTECTIVE METHODS AMONG PATIENTS AVAILING HIV/AIDS HEALTH CARE SERVICES IN ANAMBRA STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to assess the access and use of protective methods among patients availing HIV/AIDS healthcare services in Anambra State University Teaching Hospital. Six research questions were formulated and tested with respect to the type of healthcare information available on HIV/AIDS, sources of information, awareness of information by HIV/AIDS patients, access […]

ANAEMIA IN PREGNANCY AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTE NATAL CLINIC

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION   Background of study   Anemia is defined as the condition in which there is decreased level of hemoglobin (Hb) or red blood cells than the normal value (Eltayeb et al., 2014). According to the 2008 World Health Organization (WHO) report, anemia affected 1.62 billion (24.8%) people globally (WHO, 2008). Approximately 51% […]

AN ANALYSIS OF THE INCREASE IN MORTALITY RATE AS A RESULT OF ABORTION AMONG YOUNG WOMEN

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of Study Unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that is either mistimed or unwanted at the time of conception. It is a core concept in understanding the fertility of populations and the unmet need for contraception. Unintended pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of morbidity for women, and with health […]

THE IMPACT OF HEALTH CARE INSURANCE PLANS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION   1.1     Background of the study Health care insurance plan has been a growing concern to many developing countries in recent times. Given that health insurance is designed to cover formal and informal sectors, rural and urban locations, low and high income earners, it becomes critical as well as a challenge for developing countries […]

IMPACT OF SEXUALITY EDUCATION IN REDUCING UNPROTECTED INTERCOURSE AMONG ADOLESCENTS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background of the study Sex education is enlightenment on issues to human sexuality which includes emotional relations and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control ad sexual abstinence. According to the English Dictionary, unprotected sex is an act of sexual intercourse or sodomy […]

KNOWLEDGE AND ACCEPTABILITY OF CERVICAL CANCER SCREENING AMONG FEMALE PART-TIME STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITY OF BENIN

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF STUDY Cervical cancer is the most common malignancies among females worldwide especially in women of 20–39 years of age. Its contribution to cancer burden is significant across all cultures and economies. Cervical cancer also accounts for over 270,000 deaths worldwide, an overwhelming majority of which occur in the less developed […]

KNOWLEDGE AWARENESS AND BENEFITS OF NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE SCHEME AMONG CIVIL SERVANT IN UYO LGA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Ever since Emperor Otto Von Bismarck of Germany enacted the mandatory legislation on the “sickness funds” for working Germans in 1883, different models of health insurance have continued to evolve worldwide albeit with the same general insurance principles. In the developed world, insurance in one form or […]

THE KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF CONTRACEPTION AMONG MALE ADOLESCENT STUDENTS OF COLLEGE OF EDUCATION

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The Oxford Advanced Learners’ Dictionary of Current English defines “Contraceptives as a drug, device of practice used to prevent a woman becoming pregnant.” This definition though well embracing but does not include its utilization as a preventive measure against the spread of sexually transmitted diseases; such as AIDS/HIV.  […]

THE PREVALENCE OF CYSTICERCOSIS IN BADIRISA, ADAMAWA STATE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background of the Study Cysticercosis remains as important health problem in developing countries. Its transmission is related to soil contamination with human faces. This parasitosis is found in African, Asian and Latin America, where the greatest incidences are seen in mexico and brazil. Human cysticercosis is acquired from the ingestion of […]

ATTITUDE TO AND PRACTICE OF MODERN FAMILY PLANNING AMONG WIDOWS OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN LOGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BENUE STATE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Adewale, Umoh, Iwere and Gbadegesin, (2005) opined that attitude and practice towards modern family planning have attracted much attention in recent times. This is due to increase in unwanted or unplanned pregnancies, induced or criminal abortion, maternal mortality, sexually transmitted diseases, human immune-deficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune-deficiency […]

SAMPLE SURVEY ON THE USE OF CONTRACEPTIVE DRUGS AMONG FEMALE STUDENT OF FACULTY OF SCIENCE (A CASE STUDY OF OSUN STATE POLYTECHNIC, IREE)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY All over the world statement, thinkers and demographers have been concerned with the rapid growth of population rate in the last four decades. A current rate of growth. The world population as at 21 May, 2010; the human population of the world is estimated by the United […]

PREVALENCE AND PATTERNS OF PHYCHO ACTIVE SUBSTANCE USE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Psychoactive Substance use and dependence cause a significant burden to the individuals and societies throughout the world. The World Health Report (2010) indicated that 8.9% of the total burden of disease comes from the use of psychoactive substances. The report showed that tobacco accounted for 4.1%, alcohol 4%, and illicit drugs […]

ASSESSING KNOWLEDGE, PRACTICE AND FACTORS INFLUENCING BIRTH PREPAREDNESS AND COMPLICATION READINESS AMONG COUPLES

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to assess knowledge, practice and factors influencing birth preparedness and complication readiness among couples in selected rural communities in Oji River. The objectives of the study were to determine knowledge of birth preparedness and complication readiness among couples in the communities studied, couple’s practice of birth preparedness and complication […]

COPING STRATEGIES OF CLIENTS WITH FERTILITY CHALLENGES ATTENDING OBSTETRIC AND GYNAECOLOGICAL CLINIC

ABSTRACT This study was on coping strategies of clients with fertility challenges attending Obstetric and Gynaecological clinic of University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital. The objectives of the study were to ascertain the use of escape/avoidance coping strategy by couples with fertility challenges, determine the use of self controlling coping strategy by couples with fertility challenges, […]

DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS INFLUENCING UTILIZATION OF MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES

ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to examine demographic and socio-economic factors influencing utilization of Maternal Health Services in selected rural communities in Igbo-Etiti Local Government Area in Enugu State, Nigeria. The study addressed three objectives and tested two hypotheses. A cross sectional descriptive survey design was used. The study population comprised of 5090 […]

ECONOMIC BURDEN OF CANCER AND PAYMENT COPING MECHANISM

ABSTRACT The economic burden of cancer and the stress of payment require that, health care providers provide quality cost-effective care that will shorten the stay of patients in the hospital and reduce the frequency of visit to health facilities. This study investigated the economic burden of cancer patients and payment coping mechanism in Jos University […]

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE CHOICE OF INFANT FEEDING OPTIONS AMONG HIV POSITIVE MOTHERS ATTENDING HEALTH FACILITIES

ABSTRACT The survey study was conducted on factors influencing the choice of infant feeding options among HIV positive mothers attending health facilities in Ogoja, Cross River State. The purpose was to investigate factors influencing the choice of infant feeding options among HIV positive mothers in Ogoja, Cross River State. Four objectives and four research questions […]

HEALTH-RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE OF DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS AND NON-DIABETICS.

ABSTRACT Nigeria has the highest number of diabetics in Sub-Saharan Africa. As a chronic illness, diabetes mellitus (DM) places serious constraints on the people living with diabetes mellitus. The short-term and long-term complications affecting the physical, psychological and social functioning of diabetics can impinge on their health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study assessed and […]

KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION OF FEDERAL CIVIL SERVANTS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Health system are designed to improve the standard of health care of the population. Improved funding and management of health systems lead to social stability. Population’s coverage is a clear indicator of the performance of the health system. The policy of National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) aims at […]

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF CARE OF THE ELDERLY PATIENTS AMONG HEALTH WORKERS

ABSTRACT With the global trend towards an increasing aging population, there is a corresponding increase in the health problems associated with elderly population especially in developing Countries including Nigeria. With this increase in the growth of the aging population, the number of people that will need health care will undoubtedly increase, which motivated this study. […]

MIDWIVES’ AND MOTHERS’ PERCEPTION OF MIDWIVES SERVICE SCHEME

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the study Pregnancy and childbirth are normal physiological processes that bring joyful experiences to individuals and families. However, in many parts of the world, pregnancy constitutes a perilous journey, a risky and potentially fatal experience for millions of women especially in developing countries. Over 289,000 women die annually from complications […]

NURSES’ PERCEPTION OF THEIR NURSE MANAGERS’ DELEGATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES IN FOUR TERTIARY HOSPITALS

ABSTRACT Delegation of responsibilities is the organized process that permits the transfer of responsibilities and authority form an executive to the subordinates. This study investigated nurses’ perception of their nurse managers’ delegation of responsibilities in four purposively selected tertiary health institutions in Enugu state, Nigeria: University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku-Ozalla, Enugu State University of […]

PERCEIVED SOCIO-CULTURAL FACTORS INFLUENCING NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN BELOW 5 YEARS IN SELECTED RURAL COMMUNITIES

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background of the Study Child nutrition plays a key role in infant and child health or death. Young children, pregnant women and lactating mothers are nutritionally the most vulnerable group, especially in the developing countries of the world, and yet relatively little is done to achieve their special nutritional needs. (Oyira, […]

PERCEPTIONS OF ACTUAL AND PREFERRED HOSPITAL CLINICAL LEARNING ENVIRONMENT OF STUDENT NURSES

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Nursing is a practice based profession with clinical education as an essential part of the nursing curriculum. Clinical practice is the focus for students learning and clinical placement/ posting constitutes one of the most integral components in the nursing education. Clinical placement is the venue where skills, knowledge […]

PREVALENCE AND PATTERNS OF PSYCHO ACTIVE SUBSTANCE USE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

ABSTRACT The study was designed to determine prevalence and patterns of Psychoactive Substance use among Senior Secondary School Students in Dala Local Government Area (LGA), Kano State Nigeria. The study adopted a cross sectional descriptive survey design. Simple random sampling procedure was used to select two Secondary Schools out of the ten Government Senior Secondary […]

MALE ADOLESCENTS’ KNOWLEDGE, PERCEPTIONS AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS HIV/AIDS PREVENTION

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes of male adolescents towards HIV/AIDS in order to institute meaningful preventive measures for the control of HIV/AIDS in Elembelle community. The study employed Qualitative research approach to address HIV/AIDS prevention among male adolescents. Six male adolescents from six different villages in […]

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