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ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION PRACTICES AMONG ARABLE CROP FARMERS

ABSTRACT This study assessed the climate change mitigating practices among arable crop farmers in Edo central zone of Edo state. One hundred arable crop farmers were selected through a multi-stage process using simple random sampling technique. Data collection was carried out with well structured questionnaire and was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tools. Findings […]

FARMERS ADOPTION OF IMPROVED TECHNOLOGY IN CASSAVA PRODUCTION AND PROCESSING

ABSTRACT This study was aimed at determining farmer’s adoption of improved technology in cassava production and processing in peri-urban areas of Edo state using Ikpoba Okha and Ovia North East local government areas as case studies. Purposive sampling was used to select 6 wards from which simple random sampling was used to select each of […]

FACTORS AFFECTING ADOPTION OF RECOMMENDED CERTIFIED RICE SEED TECHNOLOGY BY FARMERS

ABSTRACT This study examined the factors that influenced the adoption of recommended certified rice seed technology in four purposively selected rice producing Local Government Areas namely Chikun, Giwa, Lere and Zangon Kataf of Kaduna State. The specific objectives were to, describe the socio-economic characteristics of farmers in the study area, identify the sources of the […]

RAINFALL DATA GENERATION FOR SAMARU, ZARIA USING STATISTICAL PARAMETERS

ABSTRACT Estimation of rainfall for a desired return period is one of the pre-requisites for any design purpose at a particular site, which can be achieved by probabilistic approach. This study is aimed at using the statistical parameters of long-term observed rainfall data to generate monthly rainfall depth and estimate rainfall values at different return […]

PERFORMANCE OF TWO SUNFLOWER (Helianthus annuus L.) VARIETIES UNDER VARYING PLANTING DENSITY AND NITROGEN LEVELS

ABSTRACT The performance of two sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) varieties under varying plant density and nitrogen levels was investigated under field condition in 2012 rainy and dry seasons at the Institute for Agricultural Research farm and irrigation research farm in Ahmadu Bello University, Samaru Zaria (11º12N07º37E686 above sea level). The treatments evaluated consisted of four rates […]

TRANSPORTATION CONSTRAINT ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY

  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Agricultural products encompass all categories of products related to agriculture. They range from raw and finished goods under the classifications of plants, animals and other life forms. Agricultural products can, therefore be referred to as crops and animals grown under cultivated conditions whether used for personal consumption, […]

STRATEGY FOR GUARANTEED FOODS SECURITY, A CASE STUDY OF EDO STATE, EASTERN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to Study Reducing food insecurity continues to be a major public policy challenge in developing countries. Almost 1 billion people worldwide are undernourished, many more suffer from micronutrient deficiencies, and the absolute numbers tend to increase further, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa (FAO, 2008). Recent food price hikes have contributed to […]

IMPACT OF THE COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE CREDIT SCHEME ON THE PERFORMANCE OF BENEFICIARIES IN ANAMBRA STATE NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Information Agriculture contributes immensely to the Nigerian economy in many ways, namely; in the provision of food for the increasing population, supply of adequate raw materials to growing industries, a major source of employment generation, foreign exchange earnings; and provision of market for the products of industrial sector (FAO, 2006). […]

EFFECTS OF CAPITAL STRUCTURE OF SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE AGRO-ENTERPRISES ON ACCESS TO MICROFINANCE BANKS CREDIT IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of Study The term capital structure is used to represent the proportionate relationship between debt and equity. Equity includes paid-up share capital, share premium and reserve and surplus (retained earnings) (Pandey, 2010), while debt can be classified into bank debt, straight bond debt, convertible bond debt, program debt (such […]

ECONOMICS OF SNAIL PRODUCTION IN ENUGU EAST AGRICULTURAL ZONE OF ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION  1.1 Background Information Snail meat has been consumed by humans throughout the world since prehistoric times (Cobbinah, 2001). The interest in snail farming around the world stems from snails’ high quality protein and medicinal value. For instance, protein from snail meat is said to be very rich in all essential amino acids […]

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SOIL CONSERVATION PRACTICES AMONG CROP FARMERS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION  1.1 Background Information According to the United Nation report (1984), Land-use management is the world’s most important environmental and productivity problem. Land degradation, especially soil erosion, soil nutrient depletion and soil moisture stress, is a major problem confronting many African countries (13th International Soil Conservation Organisation Conference (ISCO), 2004). Environmental degradation in […]

UTILIZATION OF IMPROVED COCOYAM PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AMONG THE WOMEN FARMERS IN IKWUANO LGA OF ABIA STATE

Abstract The study was designed to investigate the gender and resource use efficiency in cocoyam production in Abia State, Nigeria. Socio-economic characteristics of the farmers were determined as well as the production problems affecting the farmers in the study Area. The study presents the results of analysis of data collected on 160 male and female […]

EVALUATION OF SOME COWPEA VARIETIES SUBJECTED TO ALTERNATIVE WETTING AND DRYING

ABSTRACT African leafy vegetables (ALVs) have a great potential in reducing the gap in nutritional status between low- and high-income households because of their nutrient densities and affordability. Cowpea is one of the major ALVs produced and consumed widely at the Coast and Western regions of Nigeria as a dual-purpose crop (grain and leaf). Although […]

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT LEVEL OF COW DUNG MANURE AND CHEMICAL FERTILIZER ON THE VEGETATIVE GROWTH OF SOME SELECTIVE COW PEA VARIETIES.

ABSTRACT   The low productivity of the cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp.) leafy vegetables in smallholder farms in Nigeria is partly attributed to moisture stress, declining soil fertility and poor leaf harvesting practices. To increase the productivity and utilization of these crops requires development of  suitable agronomic practices such as appropriate watering regimes, effective nutrient […]

EFFECTS OF CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT ON CUSTOMER RETENTION BY AGRIBUSINESS FIRMS IN ABA METROPOLIS OF ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The purpose of this research is to examine the effects of customer relationship management (CRM) on customer retention by agribusinesses in Aba Metropolis of Abia State. To achieve the aim of this study, fourteen agribusiness firms were randomly selected and from each firm, two staff and five customers were randomly selected. A total of […]

ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF GROUNDNUT PRODUCT IN OYO STATE NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background of the Study Groundnut on peanut commonly called the poor man’s nut is an important oil seed and food crop for millions of people in the semi and tropic. It generate employment on the farm during cultivation and in agro – processing (CGIAR, 2005) it is the 13th most important […]

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF HOME-MADE JUICE PRODUCED FROM PINE APPLE AND PAWPAW AND DETERMINATION OF THEIR NUTRITIONAL VALUES

CHAPTER ONE       1.1         Background to study Fruit contains many beneficial qualities to one’s health as they provide an abundance of vitamins, minerals, anti-oxidants and fibres which are all essential for human diet (Klee, 2010). Many people consume fruit juices on a daily basis, as it is becoming an important part of the modern […]

COMMUNITY RADIO AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to assess the role of community radio as an effective tool for agriculture agricutural development in Obokun LGA. The study also sought to investigate the perceptions and attitudes of the farmers towards the program, find out how the farmers use agricultural information to improve farming methods and explore […]

PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL FROM CASSAVA PEELS USING Zymomonas mobilis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae

ABSTRACT The yield of bioethanol from cassava peels hydrolysed with Aspergillus niger and crude enzymes (amylase, cellulase and pectinase) was examined in this study. Cassava peels were pretreated by soaking and a combination of soaking and boiling which removes 67% of cyanide. After hydrolysis, Zymomonas mobilis and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were used to ferment the hydrolysates […]

BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF IDODO RIVER

Abstract This work was aimed at assessing microbial coal of Idodo river in Enugu state Nigeria. The samples of river was obtained from the arc of low activity, and a place where human activities are very high. The samples were collected very early in the morning and afternoon. They were examined to determined the bacterial […]

BACTERIAL CONTAMINANTS ASSOCIATED WITH COMMERCIAL POULTRY FEED FROM THREE DIFFERENT COMPANIES

ABSTRACT  Bacterial contaminants associated with commercial poultry feeds from three different companies in Enugu (Ave investment, Phinomar and Bora feed producing company) were studied. Four types of poultry feeds which include starter, grower, finisher and layer were examined using pour plate techniques. The culture media used were cled agar and salmonella – shigella agar (SSA). […]

BACTERIA AND FUNGI INVOLVED IN YOGURT PRODUCTION

ABSTRACT Yogurt sold at different manufacturer, in Ilorin Kwara State was taken to the laboratory and examined, different bacteria and fungi were found in all the yoghurt tested using conventional methods. The implications of these micro organisms were discussed.           INTRODUCTION AND LITRERATURE REVIEW Yogurt is a popular and healthy snacks […]

ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN ODEDA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, OGUN STATE, NIGERIA.

ABSTRACT Malnutrition continues to be a major problem among school-aged children in developing countries. Thus, this cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the nutritional status of 200 public primary school pupils, comprising 84males and 116 females in a rural setting. These pupils were scientifically selected (stratified sampling) from 2 public schools in 2 villages with […]

ASSESSMENT OF VEGETATIVE GROWTH OF SOME GROUNDNUT VARIETIES SUBJECTED TO DIFFERENT QUANTITY OF POULTRY TOPPINGS

ABSTRACT An experiment was carried out for one season (2007) in the Experimental Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture at Shambat to investigate the response of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to phosphorus and organic fertilization under irrigation. The treatments comprised two types of organic manures: farmyard manure (FYM) and chicken manure (CHM) at rate of […]

APPLICATION OF NATURAL COAGULANT (BANANA PEEL) FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT

ABSTRACT Coagulation is an effective, simple and widely practiced water treatment method. However, the usage of chemical coagulant pose detrimental effect on living organism and human health as well as producing large amount of toxic sludge. This study describes the utilization of banana peel as a natural coagulant for the treatment of household wastewater. The […]

ANALYSIS OF THE RICE PRODUCTION TRENDS IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE 1.0                                                  INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Rice (Oryza sativa) is a cereal which has become a staple food of considerable importance in many African Countries, where its consumption among urban and rural poor households has increased considerably (Wudil et al., 2015). Population growth and urbanization are the principal factors driving increased rice […]

AGRICULTURE IN NIGERIA: POSSIBLE PROBLEMS AFFECTING AGRICULTURE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Agriculture as defined by Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary 6th edition is the science or practice of farming. It is the art, science business and industry of cultivating the land to grow crops, rear animals and preparing plants and animal’s product for mans use. Before recorded history, man […]

AGRICULTURE EDUCATION AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN AHOADA EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA RIVER STATE

ABSTRACT This research examined agriculture education as a veritable tool for socio-economic development in Nigeria. As the nation is presently experiencing challenges of unemployment, insecurity, and high rate of poverty, the study observed that one of the most efficient ways to empower the youth is through agriculture education. The objectives of agriculture education includes but […]

AGRICULTURAL YOUTH SENSITIVE POLICIES: THE WAY FORWARD IN ENHANCING YOUTHS INCLINATION TOWARDS AGRICULTURE

ABSTRACT Youths constitute a formidable force in the agricultural production process, constituting a sizeable proportion of the workforce especially in the rural areas. While their contribution towards attaining food security cannot be underestimated yet their apparent lukewarm attitude towards agriculture is a source of concern. Majority of agricultural policies and programmes formulated in Nigeria do […]

AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN ANAMBRA STATE (A CASE STUDY OF GOVERNOR WILLIE OBIANO’S ADMINISTRATION)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Anambra State was carved out of the former, larger Anambra State on August 27, 1991. It is bounded by Delta State to the west, Imo State to the south, Enugu State to the east and Kogi State to the north. The people of Anambra State are predominantly Igbos […]

ADAPTATION STRATEGIES TO CLIMATE VARIABILITY USED BY FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was the factors that influence farmers’ choice of adaptation measures and identifies adaptation methods to climate change in Nigeria using Akwa Ibom State as a case study. The data was collected from 160 sample households using a survey questionnaire and was analyzed using both descriptive statistics and econometric methods. […]

ACCESS AND UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AMONG WOMEN FARMERS IN AGRICULTURAL ZONES ABAK

ABSTRACT Availability of information on improved technologies is an important ingredient for agricultural development. However, Nigerian women farmers have low access to technological information. The use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) among these women in accessing information on improved agricultural practices has not been adequately explored. Use of ICTs among women farmers in agricultural […]

EFFECT OF NPK FERTILIZER ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD COMPONENTS OF YAM (Dioscorea Spp), AND EGUSI-MELON (Coloncynthis citrillus) INTERCROP

ABSTRACT The experiment was conducted at the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Ugbowo Campus Benin City Nigeria. The experiment was conducted under rain fed condition during the early cropping season (March to November) of the year 2013. The experimental design was the Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with yam and egusi-melon as the test […]

PERFORMANCE OF EARLY AND LATE MAIZE (Zea mays L.) VARIETIES UNDER VARYING TIMES OF APPLIED FERTILIZER FOLLOWING A BUSH FALLOW

ABSTRACT This study was carried out at the Research Farm of the University of Benin during the early growing season (April to July) of 2014 to investigate the performance of early and late maize variety under varying times of fertilizer application. The experiment was laid out as a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with a […]

EFFECT OF INTRODUCING GARDEN EGG TO FLUTED PUMPKIN IN A RELAY INTERCROP ON SOLE AND COMBINED GROWTH OF THE CROP MIXTURES

ABSTRACT The effect of introducing garden egg (Solanum aethiopicum) to fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis) in a relay intercrop on the growth of crop mixture under rainfed conditions (September to November, 2014) was investigated at the Faculty of Agriculture University of Benin, Benin City Nigeria. Garden egg and a local variety of fluted pumpkin were sown […]

EFFECT OF DEFOLIATION AND NPK FERTILIZER ON YIELD OF MAIZE (Zea mays L)

ABSTRACT This experiment was conducted at experimental field of Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin-City, during 2014 growing season. A 3×4 factorial experiment in randomized complete block design with 3 replications was used to study effect of defoliation and NPK fertilizer on yields of maize. Factors were three defoliation levels, No defoliation (D0), defoliation […]

RESPONSE OF MAIZE (Zea mays L) ) AND SOME SOIL PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES TO POULTRY MANURES AND TILLAGE PRACTICES IN AN ULTISOL

ABSTRACT A field trial was conducted to assess the response of maize and soil physical and chemical properties to the different tillage practices and poultry manure levels in an Ultisol in National Institute for Oil Palm Research Institute, Edo State between September to November, 2014. The field trial was laid out as a two by […]

IN- VITRO GAS FERMENTATION PATTERN OF MAIZE STRAW WITH CASSAVA PEEL BASED SUPPLEMENT

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to investigate the in vitro gas fermentation pattern using maize straw with cassava peels based supplement fed to WAD goats. The goats were fed in six different treatments, with (treatment 1: maize straw +10%cassava peels concentrate without oil drench, treatment 2:maize straw +25%cassava peels concentrate with oil, treatment 3:maize […]

PRODUCTION PROCESSES OF IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF “PUPURU” (A FERMENTED TRADITIONAL CASSAVA FLOUR)

ABSTRACT Pupuru (a fermented cassava product) is one of the major staple foods amongst the Yoruba, Ilaje and Ijaw speaking people in the south-south and south-western region of Nigeria, which had its source from the Ikale tribe of Ondo state. The traditional method of processing cassava tubers into pupuru involve, cassava tuber harvesting, peeling, washing, […]

THE EFFECT OF BIOMODIFICATION WITH Trichoderma harzianum ON THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND IN VITRO GAS FERMENTATION CHARACTERISTICS OF MELON SEED HUSK WITH OR WITHOUT SUPPLEMENTATION WITH WHEAT BRAN

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of biomodification with the fungi Trichoderma harzianum on the chemical composition as well as the in vitro gas production characteristics of melon seed husk (MH) with or without supplementation with wheat bran (WB). Wheat bran supplemented melon seed husk (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%) were […]

THE INFLUENCE OF AGRICULTURAL COOPERATIVES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF FOOD PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1           Background to the Study Agriculture accounts for about 20 percent of GDP, in the African sub-region (World Bank, 2005); two third of the people derive from livelihoods and 40 percent of exports commodities come from this sector (World Bank, 2000). Despite the importance of the agriculture sector, its performance over the last […]

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE ROLE OF NIGERIA’S AGRICULTURE IN DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0   Background to the Study The economies of the developed nations has agriculture as the basis for growth and development. Most developing countries have agriculture as their primary (traditional) pursuit and it’s the gateway to sustained growth of the economies. Nigeria is greatly endowed with potentials, resources and the wherewithal to provide […]

PLANTATION AGRICULTURE

ABSTRACT The research has been designed to identify the problem and prospect of rubber farming in Edo State Ovia South West Local Government Area. This is done so as to suggest possible ways of exposing to the public the economic condition of rubber production problems and prospects. The relevant literature to this work is therefore […]

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