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ANTINUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION OF Securidaca longepedunculata (VIOLET TREE)

ABSTRACT The antinutritional composition of leafs and stem bark s. longepedunculata were investigated using standard analytical methods.The leafs and stem bark of S. longepedunculata was air dried and the sample was pulverized for the determination of anti-nutritive contents. The antinutritional continents viz phytate, oxalate, nitrate and cyanide were determined in this investigation. Nitrate content was significantly (p<0.001) found to […]

BIOLOGICAL WASTE WATER TREATEMENT IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT In many small to medium sized communities, convert and on site septic thank / absorption trench systems do not provide adequate waste water treatments and hence cause significant environmental damage to the local water resource. Consequently, many such communities look to alternative forms wastewater treatment and collection for communities. Under the bio-water concept, wastewater […]

DETERMINING THE CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ADVANCED MATERNAL AGE AND DOWN SYNDROME

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       BACKGROUND OF STUDY Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in an extra chromosome 21. This genetic disorder, which varies in severities cause lifelong intellectual disability and developmental delays and in some people it causes health problems. Down syndrome is the most common genetic chromosomal disorder […]

MACROPHYTE DISTRIBUTION IN RELATION TO WATER QUALITY PARAMETERS

ABSTRACT Macrophyte distribution in relation to water quality parameters in roadside ponds was studied in a seasonal wetland at Mkpat EninLocal Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Systematic sampling method was used in sampling the vegetation using a quadrant of 5mx5m space at regular intervals. The vegetation  parameters such as density and frequency were determined. […]

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF PTERIDOPHYTES

INTRODUCTION Pteridophytes, including ferns and fern-allies, are the earliest of all the land plants which originated during the Silurian period and went on to become the dominant vegetation of earth’s surface during the Carboniferous period. They became the first ever group of plants on earth’s surface showing the presence of well-developed vascular system, thereby, playing […]

ABUNDANCE OF MOSQUITO SPECIES

ABSTRACT The study was conducted to determine the abundance of mosquito species within Sokoto metropolis. Three (3) locations, which are Danbuwa, Gobirawa and GidanIgwai, in three (3) Local Government Areas, namely; DangeShuni, Sokoto South and Sokoto North Local Government Areas respectively, were sampled out of the five (5) Local Government Areas that make up Sokoto […]

PREVALENCE OF DIROFILARIA IMMITIS IN DOGS

ABSTRACT The study on prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis was conducted in Zaria. A total of three hundred and seventeen dogs were examined from seven sampling sites; Samaru, Sabon Gari, Tudun Wada, Wusasa, Basawa, Kongo and Gyellesu from April to December 2012. 5mls of blood from the branchiocephalic vein was aseptically collected from each dog and was stored […]

THE EFFECT OF MOSQUITO ON MAN

ABSTRACT The significance and effects of mosquito on man can never be overemphasized. No human being or other primates can live without good health, as the “adage” says that health is wealth. The aim of this study is to find out or reveal the effect of mosquito on man. It is also to create awareness […]

REPRODUCTION IN MAMMALS

ABSTRACT This study examined reproduction in mammals using man as a case study. In the study, some of the main features of reproduction in man are explored. After considering some of the various aspects of reproduction in man and the challenges faced, we move to consider in particular, pregnancy and childbirth. To this effect, a […]

PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING OF COCONUT WATER EXTRACT

ABSTRACT Medicinal plants are the local heritage with global importance plants and plant based medicaments are the basis of many of the modern pharmaceuticals we use today for our various ailments. The research investigated the photochemical screening of coconut water. Coconut water was obtained fresh from coconut fruit and photochemical analysis was carried out according […]

CAUSES AND EFFECT OF MALARIA AMONG CHILDREN

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the causes and effect of malaria among children in Benin City. Research questions were formulated using the questionnaire as research instrument. One hundred and fifty respondents were used as sample study to determine the prevalence of malaria in the area. Result showed that lack of awareness […]

THE EFFECT OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AMONG CHILDREN

ABSTRACT  This project work was designed to find out the effect of communicable diseases among children in Benin City poor. Communicable diseases are very common among poor resident. Communicable diseases could be contacted and have effects in primary school pupils, which may include deformity and poor academic performance. Immunization can be used to control the […]

THE PREVALENCE OF MALARIA AMONG CHILDREN

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of malaria among children in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. Research questions were formulated using the questionnaire as research instrument. One hundred and fifty respondents were used as sample study to determine the prevalence of malaria in the area. Result showed that […]

THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF DIARRHOEA AMONG CHILDREN

ABSTRACT This project took a look on the causes and effects of diarrhea among children in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State. The research was carried out alone with other academic working in the school. The method used to collect data is questionnaire method, oral interview among NCE graduates in Ovia North […]

PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF CLEOME VISCOSA

ABSTRACT Cleome viscosa Linn (Capparaceae) commonly known as “wild or dog mustard” is an annual sticky herb found as a common weed all over the plains of India and through the trophics of the world. The whole plant and its parts (Leaves, pods and roots) are widely used in traditional and folkloric systems of medicine. Cleome […]

ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECT OF NEEM TREE (AZADIRACHTAINDICA) LEAF EXRACT ON STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS

Abstact The main focus of this study was to determine the antibacterial effect of Neem tree (Azadirachtaindica) leaf extract on Staphylococcus aureus. The Neem tree leaf extract was tested in terms of the different levels of concentration with (a) 25% concentration, (b) 50% concentration, (c) 75% concentration, (d) 100% concentration on Staphylococcus aureus. It specifically compared […]

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERISATION OF DERMATOPHYTES

ABSTRACT Dermatophytes are fungi that have the capacity to invade keratinised tissues of humans and animals to produce an infection. The study was conducted to determine the epidemiology and molecular characterisation to identify of the dermatophytes associated with almajirai in Makarfi Local Government Area (L. G. A.) of Kaduna State. Samples were collected from the almajirai that had lesions […]

BACTERIOLOGICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF INDUSTRIAL AND DOMESTIC WASTES

ABSTRACT Bacteriological analysis of the water samples such as heterotrophic counts, coliform counts, Faecal Coliform/Faecal Streptococci (FC/FS) ratio were carried out following standard procedures. Gram-negative bacteria and Gram-positive Staphylococcal species were identified using ID 32E and Microbact 12S kits respectively. Susceptibility of the isolates to ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime, erythromycin, gentamicin, amoxycillin/clavulinate, cloxacillin, ampicillin, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin […]

EFFECT OF MONTHLY VARIATION IN WATER TEMPERATURE ON ARTIFICIAL BREEDING OF COMMON CARP (CYPRINUS CARPIO L.)

ABSTRACT The effect of monthly variation in water temperature on artificial breeding of common carp, Cyprinus carpio using ovaprim as an ovulation stimulator was studied. Two years old common carp broodstocks weighing 800-2500grams were obtained from Panyam fish farm in Jos, Nigeria. They were transported to the Department of Biological Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria and […]

BIOEFFICACY STUDY OF MOSQUITO REPELLENT PRODUCED FROM OCIMUM BASILICUM USING AEROSOL PROPELLANT AS CARRIER

ABSTRACT Mosquito borne disease is a major public health problem globally, particularly the tropics being the major spot in the spread of malaria. The development of resistance to chemical insecticides has necessitated the research and development of natural mosquito repellent. The aim of this study is to extract, characterize and test the larvicidal activity of […]

EFFECTS OF READING AND WORKING ON THE COMPUTER ON VISION

Abstract The objective: The objective is to determine if a person blinks less, and therefore vision worsens after reading and working on the computer.   Methods/Materials Informed consent was obtained from 15 subjects, men and women ranging in age from 10 to 103. Baseline data was obtained which included average number of times each subject […]

THE INCIDENCE OF CHOLERA AMONG CHILDREN

ABSTRACT This research work was designed to examine and analyze the incidence of cholera among children in Benin City. Seven (7) research questions were formulated and questionnaires were administered to one hundred and fifty (150) respondents in order to gather data for the research. Results showed that poor environmental sanitation leads to cholera outbreak, washing […]

CAUSES OF BIODIVERSITY LOSS

1.0     INTRODUCTION Biodiversity is contraction of “biological diversity” and refers to the number variety and variability of living organisms. In its widest sense, therefore, it is synonymous with “life on Earth”. It embraces two different concepts: One is a measure of how many different living things they are and the other is the measure of how […]

EFFECTS OF HEAVY METAL ON HUMAN RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION AND LITERATURE REVIEW 1.1    INTRODUTION Heavy metals include both non-toxic and toxic elements. Iron (Fe), Cobalt (Co) Copper (Cu) Manganese (Mn) Molybdenum (Mo) and Zinc (Zc) Magnesium(Mg) are the trace elements and are required in a very minute amount, whereas other metals are non-essential, toxic to animals and even fatal when accumulated […]

THE EFFECT OF SAROSATE (N-PHOSPHONOMETHYL GLYCINE) A NON SELECTIVE HERBICIDE ON THE GROWTH OF SOME COMMON SOIL FUNGI

ABSTRACT The effect of Sarosate (N-phosphonomethyl glycine) a non-selective herbicide on the mycelial extension growth and sporulation of three soil fungi, (Aspergillius niger, Trichoderma sp. and Penicillium sp.) were investigated  on Patotoe Dextrose Agar (PDA) containing 0, 0.01, 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0% v/v of the herbicides for a period of 96hours. The mycelial extension growth increased with time […]

PREVALENCE OF URINARY TRACT PARASITES IN PATIENTS

Abstract In this study, our focus was to carryout  a critical analysis on the prevalence of urinary tract parasites in patients. The study specifically was aimed at ascertaining the the prevalence of urinary tract parasites in patients and demographic differentials (parity, gestational age, maternal age, economic status and level of education) among pregnant women in […]

PREVALENCE OF TRICHOMONIASIS AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN

CHAPTER ONE   INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Trichomonas vaginalis is an anaerobic, flagellated protozoan parasite and the causative agent of trichomoniasis. It is the most common pathogenic protozoan infection of humans in industrialized countries. Infection rates between men and women are similar with women being symptomatic, while infections in men are usually asymptomatic. Transmission […]

MIXED INFECTION EFFECTS OF Fusariumoxysporum AND THE Meloidogyne incognita ON THE GROWTH AND PERFORMANCE OF A RESISTANT AND A SUSCEPTIBLE TOMATO PLANT

ABSTRACT A pot experiment were undertaken to ascertain possible mixed infection effects involving Meloidogyne incognita and Fusarium oxysporum on the growth and performance on a resistant and a susceptible tomato plant. The Baermann method of nematode extraction was also used in getting the nematodes and analysis of raw data was carried out. Results revealed that […]

THE ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF THREE TYPES OF MEDICATED SOAPS ON Starhyrococcus Aureus ISOLATED FROM WOUND INFECTIONS

ABSTRACT The antibacterial activity of three type of medicate soap on staphylococcus aureus isolated from wound infections was conducted. Fifty individual with wound infection within the age range of 9-73 years were sampled. Swabsticks were used to collect specimens from wound infection. each swabstick was streaked separately over plates of nutrient and macconkey agar and […]

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