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THE IMPACT OF REVENUE GENERATION ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU NORTH LGA OF ENUGU STATE)

CHAPTER ONE 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Development is a sine qua non for modern civilization. In a crusade and struggle to carryout development at all nooks and crannies of the society, the local government as the tier of government that is nearest to the people is saddled with the responsibility of direct development of […]

DEMOCRACY, GOOD GOVERNANCE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA; CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS, 2007-2015

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study The quest for democracy, good governance and national development has been the major preoccupation of the Nigerian state since independence in 1960. These laudable objectives have suffered serious setbacks due to poor leadership and the inability of the followership to hold those in positions of authority accountable […]

GRASSROOT DEMOCRACY AND YOUTH DEVELOPMENT IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Democracy in its true meaning is synonymous with grassroots democracy. Grassroots democracy is a people/community – driven participation in elections, governance and decision making. Grassroots democracy can be seen as a tendency towards designing political processes where as much decision making authority as practical is shifted to […]

EFFECTS OF ELECTORAL VIOLENCE ON NIGERIAN DEMOCRACY (2007-2011) A CASE STUDY OF SOUTH WEST

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION   1.1      Background of the Study The insignificance activities, sequel to the attainment of political independence in the 1960 in Nigeria were indeed inimical to the expectations of the great nationalists, who took the pain to secure the political independence. According to Coleman (1958), the emergent politics that rolled down to the path of […]

EXAMINATION OF POLITICAL CAMPAIGNS TARGETING VOTERS VIA SOCIAL NETWORK SITE AND HOW IT AFFECTS VOTERS’ PREFERENCE

ABSTRACT The use of social networking sites utilization in politics is obviously continued to grow in recent times. Since Barack Obama broke the world record in the history of social networks use for political purpose during the 2008 US presidential elections, many nations and politicians across the globe have continued to embrace the platform to […]

IMPACT OF LEADERSHIP CRISIS ON NIGERIA NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF FOURTH REPUBLIC

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Nigeria is richly endowed by providence with human and material resources critical for national development and advancement. However, since gaining political independence, Nigeria has continued to meander the path befitting failed, weak and “juvenile” states. A state that had very great prospects at independence and was touted to […]

INSECURITY, A THREAT TO NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The increasing nature of insurgency, terrorism, arm robbery, kidnappings, corruption and ethnic crisis etc in Nigeria constitute a devastating threat to security to life and property. Lack of security of lives and property of the citizenry is a severe hindrance to meaningful development. A climate of fear will […]

NIGERIAN FOREIGN POLICY UNDER GENERAL IBRAHIM BADAMOSI BABANGIDA (1985 – 1993)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Africa as noted by Chaplan (1966:376), “is an important strategic arena in contemporary world politics”.  Osuntokun (1999:19) argues further “being the most populous black country in the world, Nigeria is being compelled to shoulder willingly and unwillingly the leadership of the black world.  This led to Nigeria’s […]

THE EFFECT OF CARD READERS ON ELECTION CREDIBILITY IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF 2015 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The use of card readers at the 2015 general election in Nigeria has infused some level of transparency and credibility into Nigeria’s electoral process (Okonji, 2015). It was observed that when the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) first announced its plan to introduce card reader machine for […]

THE IMPACT OF VOTERS’ TURNOUT IN CONDUCTING FREE AND FAIR ELECTION (A CASE STUDY OF 2015 GENERAL ELECTION IN NIGERIA)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1      Background of the Study In a statement on the 2015 Nigerian General Elections the Freedom House (2015a) congratulated Nigerians for an election that appears to be one of the smoothest and least violent in Nigeria‘s history and, hoped that the democratic transition occurs peacefully and with respect for human rights of all […]

POLITICAL VIOLENCE AND THE ELECTORAL PROCESS IN NIGERIA AN OVERVIEW OF THE 2006 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

ABSTRACT One of the basic Machineries of any Representative democratic system is the Electoral Process. The Experience of the western representative democracy in Nigeria can be traced from the Clifford and McPherson Constitutions for 1922 and 1951 respectively. This was elaborated at independence in the first and second republic and subsequent periods. Very Ugly Experiences […]

FORMULATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF GOVERNMENT POLICIES: A CASE STUDY OF UDENWA’S TRIPOD VISION 1999-2007

ABSTRACT Concisely, the emphasis of this research project is on the formulation and implementation of Governmental policies: A case study of Udenwa’s Tripod Vision. This is in connection to the fact that policy formulation and implementation is important in any administration.  Much emphasis were laid on how policies and programmes of government are formulated and […]

RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA A CASE STUDY OF AHOADA WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA-RIVERS STATE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Rural Development can be considered as a key factor in achieving a good form of improvement in a local government in several ways. It could be In terms of empowerment of the grassroots, in cases of agricultural production, rural infrastructure, and several other indicators of development in a […]

THE RELEVANCE OF THE “SCIENTIFIC THEORY BY FREDRICK TAYLOR, IDEAL TYPE OF BUREAUCRACY BY MAX WEBER, EXPENTANCY THEORY BY VICTOR VROOM” TO THE UNDERSTANDING OF ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE.

INTRODUCTION Organizations have an important role in our daily lives and therefore, successful organizations represent a key ingredient for developing an organizational structure. In today’s dynamic and rapidly changing workplace and globalised economy, development of organizational performance is associated with the development personal performance, skills, knowledge and experience (Covey in Al-Kouri:2010). Baum (2002) has it […]

NIGER DELTA CRISES AND NATIONAL SECURITY IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Prior to the advent of commercial oil production in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria in 1958, the region was essentially a pristine environment which supported substantial subsistence resources for the mostly sedentary population. The region accounted for a large percentage of Nigeria’s commercial fisheries industry (Afinotan, […]

NIGER DELTA CRISES AND NATIONAL SECURITY IN NIGERIA: APPRAISAL OF THE AMNESTY PROGRAMME

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Prior to the advent of commercial oil production in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria in 1958, the region was essentially a pristine environment which supported substantial subsistence resources for the mostly sedentary population. The region accounted for a large percentage of Nigeria’s commercial fisheries industry (Afinotan, […]

INEC AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA’S FOURTH REPUBLIC: THE 2015 GENERAL ELECTIONS IN PERSPECTIVE

ABSTRACT Prior to the 2015 general elections in Nigeria, INEC had conducted four quadrennial general elections from 1999-2011; and in a comparative study of 12 major steps in the election administration process, it was established that voter registration and campaign regulation were the weakest links in the series of activities involved in the election administration […]

THE IMPACTS OF FOREIGN ASSISTANT ON ECONOMICS DEVELOPMENT OF SUB-SAHARAN AFRICAN COUNTRIES

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Developing countries are characterized by resource starved economies, specifically capital-related. Capital to boost economic growth and welfare is largely inadequate domestically, which consequently warrants the need for external capital. The only external capital readily available to support development undertakings have to come from foreign aid. The existence of […]

POLITICAL PARTIES AND DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION IN NIGERIA’S FOURTH REPUBLIC: 1999-2015

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background of the Study It is the most outstanding yardstick for differentiating amongst political parties in a multi-party democracy. The ideology constitutes a roadmap for the operations of viable political parties in the democratic society. The enthronement of civilian rule in May 1999 heralded the proliferation of political parties which are either […]

FISCAL FEDERALISM AND RESOURCE CONTROL IN NIGERIA: THE WAY FORWARD

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background of the Study Fiscal decentralization has become fashionable regardless of levels of development and civilization of societies. Nations are turning to devolution to improve the performance of their public sectors. Fiscal federalism is essentially about the allocation of government resources and spending to the various tiers of government. In general the […]

CIVIL SOCIETY AND DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION IN NIGERIA FROM 1999-2017

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background of the Study Globally civil society organizations (CSOs) have become active non-state agents of democratic governance saddled with the multifaceted responsibilities of providing social welfare, economic empowerment, humanitarian services, political participation, human capital development and economic activities (Keane 1989, Ikelegbe 2013:2). Besides those captured roles or activities, the civil society […]

THE ROLE OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN CONSOLIDATION OF DEMOCRACY IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1    Background of the Study Political parties are traditionally the most significant intermediary organization in democratic societies. Students of political parties have commonly associated them with democracy itself. Political parties, as “makers” of democracy, have been so romanticized that scholars claim that neither democracy nor democratic societies are thinkable without them. […]

THE IMPACT OF HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT ON LOCAL GOVERNMENT PERFORMANCE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1    Background to the Study The need to catalyze balanced development, maximize citizen’s participation, and arouse government responsive necessitates the creation of the local government. The local government serves as a form of political and administrative structure facilitating decentralization, national integration, efficiency in governance, and a sense of belonging at the […]

CORRUPTION AND ELECTORAL PROCESS: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE 2011 AND 2015 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background of the Study Elections were first organized and conducted in Nigeria in 1922 by the British colonial government in response to the pressures of the nationalists who were agitating for greater participation in the colonial administration (Enojo, 2010). Following the elections, Nigerians were offered the first opportunity to occupy certain political […]

THE ROLE OF ELECTRONIC MEDIA/INTERNET ON DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background to the Study Essential to the people in a democratic society is their freedom of expression, association and assembly, which is guaranteed and protected by the fundamental law of the land. Among other principles of democracy are equality before the law, periodic, free and fair election, majority rule, independent and impartial […]

PARTY POLITICS AND ELECTORAL VIOLENCE IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background of the Study Political parties are traditionally the most significant intermediary organizations in democratic societies. Students of political science have commonly associated them with democracy itself. Political parties, as “makers” of democracy, have been so romanticized that scholars claim that neither democracy nor democratic societies are thinkable without them (Omotola, 2009). […]

2015 ELECTIONS AND DEMOCRATIC CONSOLIDATION IN NIGERIA’S FOURTH REPUBLIC

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background of the Study Elections were first organized and conducted in Nigeria in 1922 by the British colonial government in response to the pressures of the nationalists who were agitating for greater participation in the colonial administration (Enojo, 2010). Following the elections, Nigerians were offered the first opportunity to occupy […]

APPRAISAL OF THE QUALITY OF POLITICAL COMMUNICATION DURING 2015 GENERAL ELECTIONS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   Background of the Study Political Communication is a sub-field of political science andcommunication that deals with the production, dissemination, procession and effects of information, both through media and interpersonally, within a political context. This includes the study of the media, the analysis of speeches by politicians and those that are trying to influence the political […]

CIVIL SOCIETY AND IT’S IMPACT ON DEMOCRACY IN NIGERIA FROM 2003-2013

ABSTRACT This research work examines the role of Civil Society organizations in promoting democratic governance in Nigeria from 2003-2013. Over the years, Nigeria has been battling with political, religious, economic, social, educational and electoral problems. Also there have been the problems of ineffective governance, corruption, poor service delivery just to mention but a few. The […]

THE ROLE OF ELECTORAL COMMISSION IN ENHANCING DEVELOPMENT OF DEMOCRACY IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT This project is aimed at knowing  the role of Electoral commission in enchasing development of  democracy in Nigeria (A case study Imo State Independent electoral commission Owerri). This project is my modest contribution to the already existing knowledge about the role of Electoral Commission in Enchasing Development of democracy in Nigeria. The project is […]

POLITICAL VIOLENCE AND THE ELECTORAL PROCESS IN NIGERIA AN OVERVIEW OF THE 2007 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The significance of election has an instrument for regime change has been recognized in most part of the world. Its importance in a democratic society has been acknowledge by democratic means in highly cherished by the populace. Election of course can be the basic tool of democratic development.Political […]

EXAMINATION OF THE EXTENT OF DEVELOPMENT MADE BY MULTI-PARTY SYSTEM IN NIGERIA POLITICAL SPHERE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1  Background of the Study The development of political parties in Nigeria dates back to the days of the struggle for political independent in the late 1940s, when the nationalists were at the pre-independence and post-independence periods. In the pre-independence and the early post independence periods, political parties in Nigeria were not ideologically […]

GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN REPRESENTATION IN THE GOVERNANCE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study Women’s aspiration to fully participate in the governance of Nigeria dates back to the pre-colonial era when women contributions to the anti colonial struggle were visible and pronounced in their resistance to the draconian tax policy of the colonial administration. As pointed out by Akinyode-Afolabi (2006:1), in spite of […]

POLITICAL CORRUPTION AND IT’S EFFECT IN THE NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Nigeria and political corruption – political corruption is not a recent phenomenon that pervades the Nigerian state. Since the creation of modern public administration in the country, there have been cases of officials misuse of resources, embezzlement of funds, looting of government property for personal enrichment “the rise […]

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