ABSTRACT Computer software is used extensively to increase productivity and reduce man‟s hours of labour. This work presents the development of a solids control software (SOLCON) which is designed for real time mud system management and quick performance of routine rig computations: determination of total solids and low gravity solids content; mud property and density […]
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ABSTRACT Gas condensate reservoirs are single phase at the initial condition. It changes to multiphase when the reservoir conditions are located between the critical point and the cricondentherm of the reservoir in the phase envelope. This makes it unique to providing a reliable source of energy for human usage. The objective of this study is […]
ABSTRACT This research work mainly investigates the development and the behavior of cones (both water and gas cones) in oil reservoirs supported by strong aquifer, and from which analytical correlations are developed for quick engineering estimates of the time for water/gas cones to break into the perforations of the producing wells. The studies treated the […]
ABSTRACT Proper management of thin oil rim reservoirs is required to maximize recovery and minimizes coning tendencies. The objective of this study is to determine the effect of reservoir and fluid properties on coning tendencies in thin oil rim reservoirs and to develop numerical correlations to predict oil recovery and water break through time for […]
ABSTRACT Oil deposits are often found in association with a communicating gas or water zone. The production of the oil often leads to the coning of water or gas. This dynamic interaction can be captured by a properly detailed reservoir simulation, which unfortunately may not always be practical. To brigde the gap, researchers over the […]
ABSTRACT The research is aimed at the understanding of the various diagnostic plots for the analysis of water production that are available as well as the application of these methods in a case study. It also aimed at the establishment of a work flow for the evaluation of water production mechanisms. A workflow was developed […]
ABSTRACT During drilling operations, special attention must be given to wellbore hydraulics to ensure functional, safe, economic, and environmentally responsible delivery of the well. The Hydraulics system shares common purposes with the drilling fluid, it helps to control subsurface pressures, remove cuttings from the well, clean the bit, size the pump, increase the rate of […]
ABSTRACT Maximum production from an oil well can be achieved through proper selection of tubing size. The selection of optimum tubing size must be evaluated when completing a well in any type of reservoir especially solution gas drive reservoir since there is likelihood of producing more gas as the reservoir pressure declines. The most widely […]
A new method for analysing productivity index (PI) on vertical wells is the main objective of this study. Well performance is often measured in terms of the well’s productivity which is dependent on a number of factors such as the reservoir’s configuration, the type of completion, petrophysical and fluid properties, formation damage, etc. The effect of partial completion is the main focus of making the productivity index analysis since almost all vertical wells are partially completed due to the reasons of water coning or gas cap issue, etc. It is also very expensive to fully complete a well especially when the formation thickness is so large.
Pressure behaviour solutions for both closed boundary and constant pressure boundary have been obtained, taking into consideration the effect of partial completion.
Productivity of a well is usually evaluated on the long time performance behaviour, thus the pseudo-steady state (late time) approach has been employed for calculation of the productivity index.
Several key factors have been tested on productivity index such as pseudo skin, shape factors, penetration ratio, reservoir drainage area and etc. The effects of these factors have been analysed on PI. Theoretical data were used in carrying out the analysis with results indicating that, productivity index increases with increasing completion interval and vice versa, whiles pressure drop due to skin as a result of restricted entry to fluid flow increases tremendously with decreasing completion interval.
Shape factors of various well positions in bounded reservoirs were computed and compared with results obtained by Dietz, and Babu and Odeh.
1.1 PROBLEM STATEMENT
Well productivity is one of the major concerns in oil field development, and provides the means for oil field development strategy. Sometimes, well performance is measured in terms of productivity index. In order to arrive at the economic feasibility of drilling a well, petroleum engineers require proven and reliable methods to estimate the expected productivity of that well. Well productivity is often evaluated using the productivity index, defined as the production rate per unit pressure drawdown. Petroleum engineers often relate the well productivity evaluation to the long-time performance behaviour of a well, that is, the behaviour during pseudo-steady-state or/and steady-state flow of a closed system or/and constant pressure system respectively.
The long-term productivity of oil wells is influenced by many factors. Among these factors are petrophysical properties, fluid properties, degree of formation damage and/or stimulation, well geometry, well completions, number of fluid phases, and flow-velocity type (Darcy, non-Darcy) (Yildiz, 2003).
Depending upon the type of wellbore completion configuration, it is possible to have radial, spherical or hemispherical flow near the wellbore. A well with a limited perforated interval (partial completion) could result in spherical flow in the vicinity of the perforations as depicted in fig. 2.1. A well which only partially penetrates the pay zone, could result in hemispherical flow. These conditions could arise where coning of bottom water or gas cap becomes a serious issue (Ahmed, 2005). Figures 3.1 and 3.2 respectively depict the true picture of radial and spherical flow behaviour in a partially completed vertical well.
Partial completion is the completion of or flow from less than the entire producing interval. This situation causes a near-well flow constriction that result in a positive skin effect in a well-test analysis. The net result of partial completion yields extra pressure drop in the near wellbore region and reduces the well productivity.
The present analytical method of evaluating productivity index in vertical wells with partial completion does not account for the effect of pressure drop due to partial completion.
The purpose of this study is to develop analytical model for evaluating productivity index (P.I) of vertical wells with partial completion, where the effect of pressure drop due to partial completion is taken into account and compare results with conventional methods.
The partial differential equations were solved for both no-flow boundary and constant pressure boundary systems in Laplace and Fourier Transform domains before inversion to real time domain.
The main objectives of this work are to:
· Develop analytical model for pressure behaviour in closed and constant pressure boundary systems
· Develop an analytical model for evaluating productivity index of vertical wells with partial completion for both closed-boundary and constant pressure boundary systems taking into account the effect of pressure drop due to partial completion
· Calculate shape factors and compare with the existing ones and
· Investigate the factors and parameters that influence or control productivity index.
The partial form of the diffusivity equation in dimensionless terms is solved for both closed system and constant pressure boundary case employing Laplace and Fourier transforms. Gringarten and Ramey’s source functions (1974) for closed and bottom water drive (mixed boundaries system) have been used in conjunction with Babu and Odeh’s approach (1989) for obtaining pressure drawdown in terms of average reservoir pressure. Finally new productivity index equations are generated for both closed system and bottom water drive of a vertical well with partial completion….
ABSTRACT New sources of energy should be found to relieve the high demand of energy. Even though heavy oil and bitumen are difficult to produce due to their high viscosity which can be reduced by heating, with increased oil price, the production of these heavy oils are seen viable thus the need for a model […]
ABSTRACT Despite its numerous benefits the search and production of crude oil poses a lot of dangers to the environment. Among these include land, water and air pollution. Prominent among the major sources of E&P waste is drilling operations which form the second largest source of waste after production activities. The major drilling wastes are […]
ABSTRACT Determination of optimal well locations for infill drilling is a challenging task because engineering and geologic variables affecting reservoir performance are often nonlinearly correlated and have some degree of uncertainty attached to them. Numerical models which are the basis of well placement decisions rely on data that are uncertain, which in turn translate to […]
ABSTRACT This study presents an investigation of the hydrodynamics behaviour of slug flow in an inclined (80 degree inclination) and 67 mm internal diameter pipe. The study provides a more rudimentary explanation into the physical phenomenon that controls slug flows behaviour and the way these parameters behave under variable flow conditions. Various correlations for determining […]
ABSTRACT This research work mainly investigates the implication of void prediction in the estimation of total pressure gradient in vertical pipes for multiphase flow systems. Experimental data was collected for a multiphase flow system with silicone oil and air as the liquid and gas phases. The void fraction prediction was carried out using Microsoft Excel. […]
ABSTRACT One of the major challenges in reservoir engineering is the accurate description of the reservoir. This description is essential in all aspects of petroleum engineering, and is typically achieved through reservoir characterization by integrating various kinds of information obtained from the reservoir. One reliable source of reservoir information is well testing. Analysis of well […]
ABSTRACT The concurrent flow of gas/liquid in pipes poses a great challenge due to the difficulty associated with the flow of fluid. The flow is characterized by the existence of flow regimes which can be identified by the geometrical arrangement of the phases in a pipe, with Churn flow being the least understood flow pattern […]
ABSTRACT The need to re-develop one of the Brown fields located in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria was necessitated by the fact that there are still three undeveloped reservoirs in the field.A total of six stacked reservoirs, A100 to A600 (all oil bearing with associated gas) were penetrated between 8552 ftss and 10652 ftss […]
ABSTRACT Formation damage is an undesirable operational and economic problem that can occur in many phases of field development including drilling, completion, workover, production, stimulation, waterflooding and enhanced oil recovery. In fact, it is among the major causes of a well productivity reduction in petroleum reservoirs. Proper understanding of the factors causing these damages is […]
ABSTRACT Nigeria is endowed with huge proven gas reserves estimated to be 184 trillion cubic feet (Tcf). It ranks as the 7th holder of natural gas reserves in the world, and the largest in Africa. Nigeria also flares more natural gas than any other country; it accounts for 12.5% of the world‟s annual gas flared and […]
ABSTRACT The production of formation sand is a problem associated with most oil deposits in the world. Major Sand production effects affect safety, well or field economics and continuous production. This has prompted the continued search for solutions to mitigate sand production in the oil and gas industry over time. The methodology often employed is […]
ABSTRACT As the demand for petroleum resources increases, drilling of oil and gas wells are often carried out in challenging and hostile environments. Among the top ten drilling challenges facing the oil and gas industry today is the problem of lost circulation. Major progress has been made to understand this problem and how to combat […]
ABSTRACT Hydraulic fracturing has been an effective technique to stimulate damaged wells or wells producing from low-permeability formation. It has been established that the orientation of a hydraulic fracture is perpendicular to the direction of the least principal stress in the formation. Thus, most pressure transient analysis techniques are based on the assumption that the […]
ABSTRACT The Niger Delta is Nigeria’s and Africa’s most prol ific producing basin and has some untapped oil resources because of their marginality. The development of marginal oil field in Nigeria has now become an important strategic issue. This is due to the vast availability of these fields scattered all over the Niger Delta. The […]
ABSTRACT Huge amount of hydrocarbon in place is left unrecovered. Integrated reservoir management, in addition to the use of new technologies improves hydrocarbon recovery. Intelligent completion is one of the technologies which enhance reservoir management thereby improving the hydrocarbon recovery.This work presents a review of intelligent completion technology, guidelines to evaluate the decision whether or […]
ABSTRACT Appropriate selection of rheological models is important for hydraulic calculations of pressure loss prediction and hole cleaning efficiency of drilling fluids. Power law, Bingham-Plastic Herschel-Bulkley models are the conventional fluid models used in the oilfield. However, there are other models that have been proposed in literature which are under / or not utilized in […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Since we live in an age which is marked by uncertainties in business prospects, it is in a setting of this nature that the budget is of great importance. Nearly everybody budget to some extent, even though many who prepare and use budget do not recognize that […]
ABSTRACTThe contribution of taxation to any economy globally cannot be overemphasized. Apart from the revenue function it performs for the government, it is also used to assist the national government to achieve the country’s macroeconomic objectives in areas of fiscal and monetary policies. Past documentations have revealed that revenue from taxes in developed nations have […]
ABSTRACTDwindling nature of deposits mobilization in microfinance industry necessitated this study. It is to establish the effect of deposit mobilization on the financial performance of micro finance banks in Nigeria: A study of Umuchinemere Pro-credit micro finance bank Nigeria limited 2005 – 2014. The main objective is to examine the effect of customer deposit on the […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION1.1 Background to the Study There are quite a number of definitions of tax or taxation depending on the qualities it poses. In that vein, taxation is the process or machinery by which communities or group of persons are made to contribute in some agreed quantum and method for the purpose of the […]
ABSTRACT This research is focused on impact of microfinance bank on unemployment in Nigeria. Microfinance provides people with capital to start and/or expand their businesses, as small businesses with microfinance support have grown into medium enterprises creating employment opportunities for others. Survey research design was used to carry out the study. This study reveals that […]
ABSTRACTThe study is aimed at finding out the effects of financial analysis on investment decision. Using Dangote group of companies (Dangote cement factory) as a case study. The area chosen for the study was Dangote cement company at Gboko Benue state in Nigeria. Three research questions guided the study. The objective of this study is […]
ABSTRACT The research titled “Effect of external auditing expenditure on the profitability of Nigeria Banks” highlights the relevance of external auditing in improving performance of Nigerian banks. The cardinal objective of this study is to ascertain the effect of external auditing expenditure on the profitability of Nigerian banks. The study aims at achieving the following […]
ABSTRACTThis study investigated the Returns on Equity and Returns on Asset of Guaranty Trust Bank following the adoption of E-banking in Nigeria: a study of Guaranty Trust Bank Plc 2014-2017. The main objective of the study is to examine the effect of e-banking on profitability of commercial banks in Nigeria using Guaranty Trust Bank (GTBank) […]
ABSTRACT The study focused on the “Challenges and Prospects of Internal Audit in Diamond Bank PLC. The main purpose of this study is to determine the challenges and prospects of internal auditors in Nigerian Banks. This work made use of two specific objective, two research question and also two hypotheses. The study conducted a survey research […]
ABSTRACTThis research aims at providing an insight of the accounting system in the public sector, a study of Board of Internal Revenue of Enugu state. The purpose of this research is to examine the Board whether it is efficient and effective. The method employed for data collection in this study is survey method which include: […]
ABSTRACTThe research work titled “Appraisal of Inventory Management and Control in Manufacturing Firms”. The general objective of this study is to appraise inventory management and control in manufacturing firms of some selected manufacturing firms. The specific objectives are to: examine the effectiveness of the various tools and techniques (Economic order quantity and Economic Batch Quantity) used by […]
ABSTRACTThe aim of the study was to appraise internal control system in a medium scale business focusing on Innoson Company, Enugu. The objectives of the study were to determine the contribution of internal control in the detection of fraud in medium scale businesses, to ascertain the contribution of internal control system to prevent fraud in […]
CHAPTER ONEINTRODUCTION1.1. Background of the studyThe importance of public relations in any organization cannot be overemphasized. This is largely buttressed by the fact that the public relations unit of an organization is an important factor which aids in the success of any organization through building and sustaining its corporate image.In many government parastatals and private organizations whether […]
CHAPTER ONE1.1 BACK GROUND OF THE STUDY Nigeria as a sovereign nation operates a federal system of government i.e the federal government, state government and the local government councils.Onwo (1992) Observed that each level of the three tiers of government derive its powers not from the magnanimity of the central government but from the constitution; each level […]
CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Background To The Study Corruption constitutes a great challenge to the realization of democratic dividend in form of Education, social, economic, and political development of any nation. The issue has therefore generated public outcry and the concern of government to stem it out of the Nigerian cultural heritage.. The United Nations Global Programme against […]
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to examine the factors associated with health seeking and prevention of human papilloma virus infection. Three (3) research questions and hypotheses were raised to solve the research problems. The research employs exploratory, survey and descriptive research methods using quantitative and qualitative analysis. The population of this study comprises […]
TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM 1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY 1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 1.5 LIMITATION OF STUDY 1.6 DEFINITION OF TERMS CHAPTER TWO 2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 OPERATIONAL CONCEPTS 2.2 MEASUREMENT OF BAN LIQUIDITY 2.3 PROBLEMS IN COMMERCIAL BANKS CHAPTER THREE 3.1 SUMMARY OF […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND STATEMENT Profit maximization is the fundamental task of management of a company that is established solely for project making. And management needs relevant and adequate information that will aid them planning: coordinating and decision making in order to maximize cost and maximize profit. Based on these, certain techniques and procedures […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The efficiency and effectiveness of the operation of any public or private enterprise depends on the control available to management in almost every organization. Therefore the number of activities going on must be recorded for attainment of the organization goals. The role of budget and budgetary control […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Information technology is the application of suppliers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data, often in the context of a business or other enterprise. It is advancing the development of product and concept in application of these products and also concept to specific areas of human activity. Thus, as […]
CHAPTER ONE 1.0 Introduction The importance of tax to the overall development of Nigeria economic cannot be over emphasized. Because almost all the facet of our economy has witness a face lift, and it is a result of tax. According to Mcclinethy, (2000), said “tax is a financial charge or other levy imposed upon […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the study In recent years most adverts on television has a celebrity that projects the products or services by way of using the product and with this, has influence on the buyers and customers of these products and services and thus the sales volume of an organization. Basically, a celebrity […]
1.1 INTRODUCTIONNew technological inventions can have a great impact in organizations through its contributions to change the social environment while expediting sharing of knowledge and the development of new ideas. (Kling et al, 2005). Social Media will come in handy as a good example of new technological innovation that is making a great impact in […]
CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Introduction The rapid growth of information technology has enhanced the importance of online advertising. Out of the innovations of the information technology, internet is by far the most attracting considerable media. Moreover, the internet is emerging as the most important source of information because of its ease wealth […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the study Through the creation of virtual networks and communities, social media is a computer-based technology that enables the exchange of ideas, opinions, and information. Social media is Internet-based by design, allowing people to share information quickly through electronic means. Personal information, documents, movies, and pictures are all included in […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study The quality of care received during pregnancy and the place of delivery are great determinants of maternal and child morbidity and mortality. Improving and sustaining the quality of care in healthcare institutions has been an area of concerns and recurrent issue over the year. The client’s expression […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the study Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a pandemic disease in which the body’s defense mechanism is weak and this makes the body unable to get rid of infection (NACA, 2001). HIV/AIDS is an incurable diseases that makes the casualty susceptible (Rajeev, 2012), […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Pregnancy and delivery are supposed to be a safe process when well-managed, but a number of times it involves major health risks, even to women with no pre-existing health problem. Thousands of women die all over the world from issues directly associated with pregnancy, delivery and its […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Infection control is an aspect of healthcare delivery that deals with the curtailment of the spread of infection within the healthcare set-up, be it from patient-to-patient, patient-to-staff, staff-to-patients or staff to staff. According to World Health Organisation (WHO, 2011) the components of infection prevention and control are […]
SOCIAL MEDIA USE AS A DETERMINANT OF KNOWLEDGE SHARING PRACTICES AND SERVICE DELIVERY BY LIBRARIANS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study In recent times, the use of social media has become a habitual part of everyday life. This is as a result of the proliferation of Information and […]
RECORDS MANAGEMENT PRACTICES, COMPUTER LITERACY SKILLS AND JOB PERFORMANCE OF REGISTRY STAFF OF UNIVERSITIES IN OGUN STATE, NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Universities, in the course of their daily activities create records that support the job they carry out on daily basis. Through this means, they generate volumes of electronic and […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Academic libraries are those libraries established in the university environment to promote research, teaching and learning activities. It is a house of knowledge established in universities where students and staffs are expected to visit and effectively make use of resources to satisfy their information needs. The library can thus be regarded as […]
LIBRARY INFRASTRUCTURE, ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND MENTORING AS PREDICTORS OF TURNOVER INTENTIONS OF ACADEMIC LIBRARIANS IN SOUTH-SOUTH AND SOUTH-EAST, NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Universities all over the world are held in high esteem as an ‘ivory’ tower where advanced learning, teaching and research are done. The library in any university […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Library is a place where information materials are acquired, organized, preserved and made available for use. Academic libraries are organizations which are created to cater for the information request of students, lecturers, researchers and other community of scholars. Their specific task is to offer quality inform ation services […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study In the past two decades, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have evolved at an unprecedented pace changing the way people communicate and search for information. The new information age has brought about improved information delivery, skill in processing of information, experience and precision, good time management and improved […]
LECTURERS’ ELECTRONIC INFORMATION RESOURCES RETRIEVAL SKILLS, USE, AND TEACHING EFFECTIVENESS IN PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES IN MONROVIA, LIBERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study The teaching effectiveness of lecturers in institutions of higher learning is the key to accomplishing their purpose of existence, which is to inculcate knowledge in their students. More so, students’ academic achievement […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Job effectiveness has to do with performing a task to the extent of producing the intended result or doing a duty successfully. The level of effectiveness of the members of staff of an organization could make or mar the performance of such organization and it could go […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Organization’s competitive advantage, success, and sustainability in an ever increasing turbulent global market are mainly predicated on the job satisfaction and turnover intention of quality human capital. One major reason for a continued interest in the phenomenon of job satisfaction lies in embedded propensity for positive […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Performance of firms has generated much controversy among scholars over time owing to its sensitivity. Since organizations play a basic and crucial role in day to day lives of people, the conceptual consensus among scholars is that performance of firms could be understood from two perceptions – […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Information society has brought about some developments which are dictating the direction of the future of humanity. These developments include globalization, the prominence of the knowledge economy and the permeating effect of information communications technology. These three developments have combined to exert increased importance on the human capital […]
KNOWLEDGE CREATION, TRANSFER AND PRODUCT INNOVATION IN AGRO-ALLIED FOOD COMPANIES IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Historically, the growth in agricultural output has been a key element in the successful transformation of most economies that have seen sustained increases in their per capita incomes (Soderborm & Teal, 2002). For […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study The success and failures of institutions are reflections of several factors, particularly factors that center on the employees or workforce. They are seen as the most valuable asset in achieving institutional goals because the greatest concern of institutional management is to get work done by employees. Hence, […]
INFORMATION LITERACY SKILLS, COMPUTER SELF-EFFICACY AND E-RESOURCES USE BY POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS IN PRIVATE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES IN SOUTH-WEST, NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study University libraries are known for providing resources to meet the information needs of those within the university community. Thus, they play supportive role to the university education by providing […]
INFORMATION LITERACY COMPETENCE AND USE OF INFORMATION RESOURCES BY MEDICAL STUDENTS IN TWO UNIVERSITIES IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study University libraries are set up to provide the information requirements of students, staff, and others within the institution community. Oyewusi and Oyeboade, (2009) Stated that the key reason for […]
INFORMATION BEHAVIOUR AND WORK EFFECTIVENESS OF PHYSICIANS IN SELECTED GOVERNMENT HOSPITALS IN EDO STATE, NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Physicians play a critical role in the search for an acceptable quality of life. They make decisions that positively or adversely affect the wellbeing of individuals and populations. Since such decisions are based […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background to the Study The effectiveness of epidemic control activities in local government areas in Nigeria require accurate and adequate patient’s record management as documentary evidence of the care and treatment which the patient received in the hospital. Patient records are clear, concise and accurate history of a patient’s life […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study University libraries support the university community by delivering services to meet the teaching, research and learning needs of staff and students. They play a key role in the educational system of their parent institutions by providing a variety of services to a wide range of users in […]
ICT SKILLS, INFORMATION LITERACY AND USE OF ELECTRONIC INFORMATION RESOURCES BY STUDENTS OF NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY IN SOUTH-WEST, NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study The use of electronic information resources in learning and research by undergraduates has become indispensable in this digital age where globalization of education is made possible through Information […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Information is data that is collected and organized for users in specific contexts. Information empowers people to make reasonable decisions; hence, it is an important resource for health professionals who make decisions that have implications on the physical and mental well-being of others. Health facilities such as […]
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study The indigenous individuals of the world have a massive learning of their condition, in light of hundreds of years of living near nature. Living in and from the wealth and assortment of complex biological systems, they have a comprehension of the properties of plants and creatures, the […]
WORKPLACE SPIRITUALITY, WORKERS’ COMMITMENT AND PERFORMANCE IN AJAYI CROWTHER UNIVERSITY AND FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY, AKURE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Organizational spirituality elicits workers’ self-imposed willingness to act and perform their task productively in an organisation. This is orchestrated by workers’ judgment and perception with reference to […]
WOMEN’S RIGHTS AND SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN ARMED CONFLICTS IN THE WESTERN REGIONOF CÔTE D’IVOIRE CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Sexual violence is the most common form of gender violence. It is considered by many societies as a gross violation of women’s rights. Sexual violence perpetrated in times of peace is aggravated […]
WELFARE PACKAGES AND EMPLOYEES’ SATISFACTION IN LAGOS AND OGUN STATE TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT AUTHORITIES CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study The achievement of an organisation’s goals is the combination of efforts from human and material resources, every organisation is set out to achieve a particular aim or objectives and this can only be done with […]
WEAPONS TECHNOLOGY AND INTERNAL SECURITY PROVISIONING IN NIGERIA CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Technical know-how for construction of weapons, either by means of handcrafting or through industrial production, is the most significant cause of massive availability and proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALW) in the world. The latter inversely correlates […]
THE POLITICS OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN SELECTED LOCAL GOVERNMENTS OF OYO STATE CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background to the Study Human’s existence is highly connected to the environment and the importance of the environment cannot be overemphasised. The environment has created a comfortable habitat for man through science, technology, religion and politics. Albeit the […]