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TRADE OPENNESS AND OUTPUT GROWTH IN NIGERIA: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS (1970-2007)

ABSTRACT This research work studies the international competitiveness of the Nigerian economy in the global market by analyzing the relationship between trade openness and output growth in Nigeria. Using time-series data over the period 1970-2007, we show that output growth of the Nigeria economy is a function of two sets of shocks; (i) external shocks […]

RELEVANCE OF FINANCIAL RATIO ANALYSIS IN THE APPRAISAL OF SMALL SCALE BUSINESS (CASE STUDY OF SELECTED SMALL SCALE COMPANY)

ABSTRACT Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) play an important role in any economy through generation of employment, contributing to the growth of Gross Domestic Production (GDP), embarking on innovations and stimulating of other economic activities. The objective of the study was to establish the financial reporting and ratio analysis practices adopted by small and medium […]

OIL AND GAS ACCOUNTING: PRACTICE, CHALLENGE AND SOLUTIONS IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF NNPC)

ABSTRACT This study was aimed at assessing accounting practices operated in the oil and gas industry in Nigeria (with a case study of NNPC) particularly to examine the major problems of accounting in the Nigerian oil industry and proffer possible solutions. Also, attempt was made, to assess the role of Nigerian Accounting Standard Board (NASB), […]

EFFECT OF CREDIT RISK ON PERFORMANCE OF NIGERIAN BANKS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of Study The increased competition associated with the process of capitalization, liberalization and globalization and the attempts of Nigerian banks to increase their presence in other markets may have affected the efficiency and credit risk of the Nigerian banking institutions. The first of these aspects, already analyzed in other studies, […]

AUDITORS’ LIABILITIES TO ORGANIZATIONS AND SOCIETIES IN GENERAL A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU AND ANAMBRA STATE RESPECTIVELY

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The origin of auditing is as a result of the separation of ownership from control. It is instituted to protect the interest of the owners by ensuring that financial statements are justifiable. Because of the separation of ownership from control, it becomes necessary of those managers entrusted […]

ASSESSING THE CONTRIBUTION OF VAT TO THE REVENUE PROFILE OF NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The increasing cost of running government coupled with dwindling revenue has left various state governments in Nigeria with formulating strategies to improve the revenue base. More so, the near collapse of the National Economy has created serious financial stress for all tiers of government. Hardest hit are […]

APPRAISAL OF FEDERAL INLAND REVENUE COLLECTION SYSTEM

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY A tax is a compulsory levy imposed on the income/profits of an individual, partnership and corporate organizations for the financing of government expenditure without recourse to a corresponding benefit from tax payer. Every tax imposed on Nigerian companies or organisations needs continual interpretation of its specific application […]

ANALYSIS OF MANAGEMENT OF REVENUE GENERATION AND ACCOUNTABILITY IN PUBLIC ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA (A STUDY OF SELECTED PARASTALS IN NIGERIA)

  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background to the Study Public enterprises are government business enterprises set up primarily to provide social and economic services to the general Public. Among the enterprises, however there are those that produce mainly the core economic infrastructure called utilities. Public utilities are of social and economic significance because they have […]

AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN REMITTANCE INFLOWS AND HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT (IMPLICATION FOR THE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study The size of remittance inflows, the importance of human capital and technological diffusion in economic growth and development process of developing countries including Nigeria have triggered interesting debates among scholars and policymakers (see for example, Orozco (2003; Ambrosius, 2006 and Chami, et. al., 2008) of international and […]

AN APPRAISAL OF THE ROLE OF USE OF LEGISLATION IN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PRACTICE

ABSTRACT This research project focuses on an appraisal of the role of use of legislation in environmental health practice in Nigeria. Like many developing countries, Nigeria has struggled to maintain a balance between its economic development and the sustainability of its environmental resources and health. This dichotomy is reflected by severe environmental problems including crude […]

SOCIAL ACCOUNTING: A METHOD OF ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF NIGERIAN ENTERPRISES DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Social accounting as an approach began developing in the U.K in the early 1970s, when the Public Interest Research Group established Social Audit Limited. This organization carried out, and publicized investigations into the operations of large public companies, without necessarily gaining their permission or co-operation. Whilst lending […]

EFFECT OF MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS ON PERFORMANCE OF THE NIGERIAN BANKING INDUSTRY

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION  1.1 Background of the Study The Nigerian banking sector has undergone remarkable changes over the years, in terms of the number of institutions, ownership structure, as well as the depth of operations. These changes have been influenced largely by challenges posed by deregulation of the financial sector, globalization of operations, technological innovations […]

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF QUOTED AND UNQUOTED FIRMS IN NIGERIA (EVIDENCE FROM SELECTED FIRMS)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of the Study The firm financial performance has been the focus in the literature and often emphasized in policy debate with many researchers associating it to entrepreneurship. Significantly, financial performance of a firm, which translates into liquid assets whether generated by the corporate cash flow from operations or by the […]

THE USE MANAGEMENT AUDIT AS A TOOL FOR ACHIEVING ORGANIZATIONAL OBJECTIVE (A STUDY OF EBONYI STATE TRANSPORT CORPORATION (EBOTRANS), ABAKALIKI)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of Study Management audit aids the management of an Organization by providing it with information and analysis, useful for the process of control. According to Eze, (2001) Management audit is an audit that evaluates the efficiency of management at all levels throughout an organization with a view to recommend improvement […]

ROLE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN FINANCING SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA (A STUDY OF UNION BANK OF NIGERIA PLC, ABAKALIKI)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY For both developing and developed countries, small and medium scale firms play important roles in the process of industrialization and economic growth. Apart from increasing per capital income and output , SMEs create employment opportunities, enhance regional economic balance through industrial dispersal and generally promote effective resources […]

FUND MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF EBONYI STATE: A STUDY OF IZZI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Local government is a government at the grassroots level. According to Ojofeitimi (2008), the word “local” connotes that councils are meant for small communities and the word “government” means that they have certain attributes of government. Thus, local government can therefore be defined as “… a political […]

ACCOUNTING PROBLEMS IN MICROFINANCE BANKS A STUDY OF SELECTED MICROFINANCE BANKS IN ABAKALIKI METROPOLIS OF EBONYI STATE.

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Banking has hitherto been very essential to human invention and economically aid to the society as far as business transactions are concerned. Thus, bank can be seen as a service-oriented to individual and the society at large. That is the reason Peterson (2007) viewed banks as the […]

EVALUATION OF THE ACCOUNTING PROBLEMS OF MICROFINANCE BANKS IN NIGERIA (A STUDY OF MICROFINANCE BANKS IN ABAKALIKI METROPOLIS, EBONYI STATE)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Banking has hitherto been very essential to human invention and economically aid to the society as far as business transactions are concerned. Thus, bank can be seen as a service-oriented to individual and the society at large. That is the reason Peterson (2007) viewed banks as the […]

EFFECTS AND ADMINISTRATION OF VALUE ADDED TAX IN THE NIGERIA ECONOMY. (A STUDY OF FEDERAL BOARD OF INLAND REVENUE)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION According to Journal of Economic and International Finance vol. 3(8), 492-503, August 2011, Nigeria is a developing country and emerging economy whose exports are mainly crude oil. Her other natural resources asserted by Economic watch (2011) include: Natural gas, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc and arable land. Her land mass […]

AUDITING AS AN AID TO ACCOUNTABILITY A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE POST PRIMARY SCHOOL MANAGEMENT BOARD (PPMB)

  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Introduction The question of how to increase efficiency and positive result in audit work in the public sector is a perennial problem in Nigeria, and one that is increasingly warring the generality of the people of this country. The response has been to upgrade the quality of audit staff and widening […]

ASSESSING THE RELEVANCE OF ACCOUNTING ETHICS AS A COURSE IN BUSINESS RELATED PROGRAMME IN TERTIARY EDUCATION

  ABSTRACT Education in Ghana has undergone numerous changes and has adopted different forms. This has affected so many professions accounting profession inclusive. In line with that, this work tried to assess the relevance of accounting ethics as a course in business related programme in tertiary education, Ghana using the University of Cape Coast. The […]

EVALUATION OF INTERNALLY GENERATED REVENUE AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Internally Generated Revenue (IGR) is the revenue that state governments generate within the areas of their jurisdiction. The various sources of internal revenue available to state governments includes taxes, fines and fees, licenses, earnings & sales, rent on government property, interests and dividends, among others. The capacity […]

THE VARIOUS USES OF FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING AS A TOOL FOR MANAGERIAL DECISION MAKING

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1.          BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY In recent years the advancement in accounting transaction system modules all over the world has made business organisations to exert resources in this area if they are to compete favourably among their local and foreign counterparts. Gone were the days when business organisations were simply required to make […]

THE EFFECT OF MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM ON ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1          BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY It is a well known fact that the success of any organization is dependent on its decision-making potentials, and decision making is dependent on timely availability of quality information. An organization has transactions that must be processed in order to carry out its day-to-day activities. The payroll […]

THE ROLE OF AUDITORS IN BANK FAILURE IN NIGERIAN BANKS

CHAPTER ONE                                                                 INTRODUCTION 1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Bank’s managements are saddled with the responsibility of preparing the accounts and financial statements of a bank. An Audit is expected to be carried out annually to ensure that the statements of accounts that have been prepared and presented as required by law. (CAMA 1990) According to […]

THE EFFECT OF FINANCIAL CRIME ON THE GROWTH OF SMALL/MEDIUM SCALE BUSINESSES

CHAPTER ONE 1.1          INTRODUCTION Financial crimes have been the order of the day for quite a long time especially in our society today. This phenomenon ranges from various dimensions, such as Bank fraud, embezzlement of public funds, money laundering, credit cards fraud etc. It can be described as a conscious premeditated action of a person […]

FINANCIAL RECORD KEEPING AND CHALLENGES IN MICRO FINANCE BANKS

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1          BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Micro-finance is the supply of loans, savinsgs, and other basic financial services to the poor. People living in poverty, like everyone else, need a diverse range of financial instruments to run their business, build assets, stabilize consumption, and money transfer services. Financial services for the poor have […]

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF FINANCING REAL ESTATE PURCHASE THROUGH MORTGAGE IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1              BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY Everyone  dreams   of  owning  property  someday  but  with  the constant  rise  in  Nigerian  property  prices,  saving  towards  buying  some piece  of  real  estate seems  almost  impossible-  particularly  for  young people  in  Nigeria.  Although  saving  towards  acquiring  property  is  one option,  it  may  often  be  disheartening  because  […]

THE RELEVANCE OF AUDIT COMMITTEE FUNCTIONS ON THE QUALITY OF FINANCIAL STATEMENT IN NIGERIA: USERS PERCEPTION

Abstract This project analyzes the relevance of audit committee functions on the quality of financial statement in Nigeria, the users’ perception. The broad objective of the study is to ascertain if audit committee reports strengthen the decision relevance of corporate report and also to find out if the information content of audit committee reports relevant […]

THE RELEVANCE OF ACCOUNTING ETHICS IN ACCOUNTING EDUCATION

Abstract This study examines the relevance of accounting ethics in accounting education.The accounting profession is being threatened because of high expectations from the public and their beliefs that embezzlement, bribery and corruption have become prominent in our society including the accounting profession. The broad objective of the study is to find out the significant relationship between […]

THE PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ACCOUNTABILITY, PROBITY AND TRANSPARENCY IN THE FEDERAL CIVIL SERVICE

Abstract This research work is designed to achieve the specific objective of examining the degree of implementation of accountability, probity and transparency in the public sector especially in the state and federal civil service. The literature review helped to ascertain other writer’s view concerning the subject under study which explains how public accountant were able […]

THE INFLUENCE OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARDS (IFRS) ON FINANCIAL REPORTING QUALITY IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY In 1973, the international accounting standards committee (IASC), which is a professional accounting body which comprises of major countries like UK, Ireland, United states (US) Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan Mexico, Netherlands agreed to develop a uniform set of accounting principles that would be applicable globally. International […]

THE INFLUENCE OF ACCOUNTING SYSTEM ONTHE INFLUENCE OF ACCOUNTING SYSTEM ON PUBLIC EXPENDITURE CONTROL IN NIGERIA PUBLIC EXPENDITURE CONTROL IN NIGERIA

Abstract The project examines the influence of accounting system on public expenditure control in Nigeria using Etsako West Local Government as a case study. The main objective of this study is to find out how local government accounting system helps to control and regulate public expenditure in Nigeria and also to find out the extent […]

THE IMPACT OF RISK MANAGEMENT TOWARDS EFFECTIVE STRATEGIES FOR FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

Abstract Customers of the banks expect their bankers to provide them with loans and advances to make up any short fall in their funds requirement for transactional motive. This project is sub-divided into five chapters, which focuses on risk management in Nigeria Banking Sector. Questionnaires were distributed to collect the relevant information from the respondents, […]

THE IMPACT OF EFFECTIVE PUBLIC SECTOR ACCOUNTING ON PUBLIC FUNDS MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA

Abstract This study has been carried out critically analysis and the impact of effective public sector accounting on public fund management in Nigeria. This project work was necessitated by the way government play in the development of the grassroots socially, economically and politically. In so doing, the researcher used both primary and secondary method in […]

IMPACT OF CORPORATE STRATEGY ON INVESTMENT DECISION IN NIGERIA

Abstract The research work investigates the impact of corporate strategy on investment decision in Nigeria. Effective corporate strategy plays a critical role in defining the businesses in which a company will compete, preferably in a way that focuses resources on how to convert distinctive competence into competitive advantages. The broad objective of the study is […]

THE ROLE OF THE FORENSIC ACCOUNTANT IN FRAUD DETECTION IN NIGERIA

Abstract This research work examines the role of the forensic accountant in fraud detection in Nigeria with comparative analysis of public and private sectors. Forensic accountant plays a significant role in the Nigeria organizations whereby he investigates with the use of technological equipment in its assignment. The researcher employs primary data (questionnaire and personal interview) […]

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