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HEAVY METAL DISTRIBUTION IN SEDIMENT OF AKPABUYO STREAM, CROSS RIVER BASIN SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Sediment samples were collected through the purposive sampling method from various streams in Akpabuyo L.G.A, ten sample location were selected. The concentration and areal distribution of selected metals (Fe, Zn, Mn, Cr, Ni, Co, Cu, Cd, Pb) in the sediments of Akpabuyo streams .Geo-accumulation index have been calculated to assess whether the concentrations observed […]

EFFECTIVE WAYS OF CONTROLLING EROSION IN A BUILDING SITE IN SELECTED SITES

CHAPTER ONE 1.0     INTRODUCTION 1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The development of soil erosion began when man settled down and started turning pasture land into farmland. The intensive exploitation of the land disturbed the natural soil vegetative cover and exposed its, surface to the effect of erosive agents and to introduce such forms of agriculture […]

ARSENIC POLLUTION OF THE SUBSURFACE WATER

ABSTRACT This work investigates the extent of Arsenic pollution of borehole waters in Onitsha and environs. Fifteen samples of drinking water sourced from boreholes were randomly collected and analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) and the technique employed is wet oxidation method. The results of Arsenic concentration obtained from the boreholes ranged from 0.00 mg/L […]

GEOELECTRIC IMAGING OF GROUNDWATER POLLUTION

CHAPTER ONE Introduction 1.0 BACKGROUND OF STUDY Groundwater is commonly understood to mean water occupying all the voids within a geologic stratum. Groundwater is one of the nation’s most valuable natural resources; it is the source of about 40 percent of the water used for all purposes exclusive of hydropower generation and electric power plant […]

GEO ELECTRIC MAPPING OF GROUNDWATER POTENTIAL IN THE SPORTS COMPLEX

ABSTRACT Geo-electrical survey using Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) was carried out in the Sports Complex of Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun Delta State (FUPRE) in order to determine the groundwater potential of the area and the aquifer distribution. The Schlumberger electrode configuration was used with a maximum current electrode separation of 120m. A total […]

SEDIMENTOLOGY AND RESERVOIR QUALITY OF OUTCROPPING SEDIMENTS

ABSTRACT Field studies were carried out on outcropping sediments exposed in Lokoja and its environs to gain insight into reservoir characteristics and sedimentological characteristics. Sieve analysis and petrographic analysis were carried out on fresh samples of the sediments to determine their statistical parameters, paleodepositinal environment and their reservoir quality. Granulometric analysis of the Filele sands […]

INDEPENDENT GEOLOGIC FIELD MAPPING OF THE IGARRA AXIS OF THE BASEMENT COMPLEX

Chapter One INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Detailed Geological field mapping is an indispensable exercise in geology as a result of the fact that geology as a discipline is field-oriented. It is the aspect that completes and gives life to the study of geology. An independent Geologic field mapping of the Somorika-Aiyetoro-Aiyegunle-Ogugu-Imiegba-Fugar-Okpekpe-Bawa Hill-Auchi area […]

USE OF SINGLE-POINT RESISTANCE AND SP LOGGING IN GROUNDWATER INVESTIGATION

CHAPTER ONE 1.0  Introduction Water is one of the abundant and widely used natural resources available to man. Many communities obtain the water they need from rivers, lakes, or reservoirs, sometime using aqueduct or canals to bring water from distant surface sources. Another source of water lies directly beneath most towns. This resource is groundwater, […]

COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC EFFECT OF CRUDE OIL EXPLOITATION

CHAPTER ONE BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 1.1     Introduction Petroleum is among the various resources produced by nature. They are used by human to satisfy their needs such as transportation, cooking, electricity power supply and others (Mike, 2012). The exploitation of natural resources such as crude oil is the use of natural resources for economic growth, […]

ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF SAND EXCAVATION ON THE ENVIRONMENT

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background to the Study Soil is an important resource covering the land surface. Mining is the process of getting minerals and soil components for various uses. Man depends on soil for agriculture, construction and even as a habitat for various organisms (Mwangi, 2007). People benefit from soil particularly sand and gravel […]

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