Tourism and transportation sectors have great concern over the increasing fall of state affairs which has be on blamed on the following.

Tourism in Nigeria has suffered a lot of set back during the last few years due to a lot of factors such as frequent ethnic and religions clashes and hostage taking for example in oil producing areas, which have tampered with the security system of the nation.

Furthermore, available roads to most of our attractions are not motorable, lack of electricity and potable accommodation is a luxury in most of our resorts while most of them are still without communication facilities despite the advent of Global system mobile communication in the country lack of awareness programme to encourage people to visit places. Thus, inadequate funds for rehabitation of facilities.

1.3     Aim and Objectives of the study

As the tourism industry is of rapid growing segment of today’s economy and consideration have been given to the importance of rail transportation development on tourism only. Therefore, the aim of this study centered on it.

It is also aimed at looking into the various problems that face the effective uses of rail transportation system and how these problems can be solved. The significance of rail transportation system in tourism industry will be adequately highlighted.

The study is going to analyze the impact of rail transportation development on tourism industry for effective performance and the various modes available. Also, the various problem that are likely to affect the expected impact of the rail transportation plays in tourism industry. Furthermore, it is going to link the development of tourism in Nigeria to the extent of development of rail transportation.

Government will also get to know of the negative impacts of poor transportation networks on tourism and ways these can be tackled for proper tourists’ flow into Nigeria especially the tourism destinations thereby benefiting from tourism.

1.4     Significance of the study

The importance of the study will facilitate the significance of rail transportation development system in tourism performance.

It will also stimulate researcher (s) to further investigate way of improving rail transportation system in tourism industry for effective performance.

Finally, the research will tend to highlight the relationship between transportation system and the tourism industry.

1.5     Research question

The following research questions are some of the questions to be used in the process of this study.

1.     Are there any impact of rail transport development on tourism development and performance in Nigeria?

2.     Are there are relationship between transportation and tourism industry?

3.     Are there any government’s participation in tourism industry in reference to transport system in Nigeria?

4.     Does rail transport development contribute to the level of revenue from tourism industry?

1.6     Research Hypothesis

The research hypothesis formulated is will be tested using 0.5 degree of error freedom.

H0 there is no significance impact on rail transport development to tourism performance

H0there is no contribution to the level of revenue from rail transport development to tourism industry

1.7     Conceptual framework

Source field researcher: 2016.

The researcher had to put together the reasons why there should be rail/road connection between the people and the environment. By so doing there will be safety in traveling conformability, and environment conservation.

1.8     Scope of the Study

This research work will cover activities on rail transportation, its development, impact to the economy, significance to tourism and its performance.

1.9     Limitation of the Study

The research will be limited to rail transportation development, and will be referencing the Port Harcourt railway corporation o Rivers State.

To have researched more, the researcher could not because of financial constraint

1.10   Definition of terms

–        Tourism: It is the relationship of phenomenon arising from voluntary travel and stay of an individual away from his/her usual place of residence to a pre-determined destination in search of pleasure, leisure etc. and not connected with any remunerated activity.

–        Visitor: Someone travelling from his place of usual residence to another place but not primarily for tourism activities though he/she might enjoy it during the stay in the area.

–        Hotel: According to the proprietors act of 1956, a hotel is an establishment offering food, drinks and sleeping accommodation if so required by travellers who appear able and willing to pay for services and facilities provided.

–        Travel Agent: It is an organisation who acts as an intermediary between tour operators and tourists by providing the various services needed by both parties though has a principal who he is directly responsible to. Such services are transport companies, hotel groups, travellers cheque, visas etc.

–        Tour: It is a journey for pleasure during which several places of interest are visited.

–        Tour Operator: It is the manufacturer of a tourism product who organizes and sells tour.

–        Tourist destination: It refers to the place the attractions are physically sited. Also, it is a geographical unit visited by tourists which may be self contained, centre, a village, a town or city, district in an area, region, island, a country or a continent.

–        Transportation: It refers to the act of moving tourist and the services required by them from one place to another.

–        Industry: A branch of commercial enterprises concerned with the output of a specified product or service.

–        International tourism: It is a type of tourism that involves tourists travelling from their own country to another place, mainly crossing the international boundaries.

–        Domestic Tourism: It means the movement of tourists within the same country for either leisure, pleasure etc.

–        Tourist market: It is defined by reference to the composite product, the seller (producer) who supplies it and the buyer (tourist) who exercises the demand for it.