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THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION ON WORK PERFORMANCE IN THE PRIVATE ORGANIZATION

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

Business conduct today worldwide is challenging. Moreover, their performance in terms of returns growth is facing internal and external working challenges. To stay alive in a current rough working environment and handle the entire range of aspects of production, e.g. machine, materials and employees, and make individual to do fine in a more creative and pioneering way they need to devise an appropriate mechanism. However, among all these factors of business workers constitute the big challenges because unlike other resources, employee management calls for accomplishing, handling of thoughts, feelings and emotions to protected highest productivity and they are the ones who make the other factors to do well. High productivity is a result of making individuals highly stimulated. The motivation for an employee is a significant asset in adding value to the organization by maintaining and strengthening its business and retains growth. This paper examines the influence of motivation on organizational performance of private organizations in Tanzania. 2 Competitiveness is defined as a company’s ability to maintain and gain market share in its industry. (Noe et al., 2010 and Schermerhorn, 2010). Nowadays, more and more companies are starting to understand that the real engine of their competitiveness and hence profit making machine are the employees, not the financial capital that they are trying to multiply through their everyday activities (Wanda, 2005). Employees, therefore, are looked upon as an unmatched essential resource of an organization; hence their work performance improvement is one of the major fields which require concentration in successful organizations (Markova and Ford, 2011 and Fisher, 2012). Among the steps taken by organizations to improve employees work performance is providing motivations to their employees (Barney and Ricky, 2004; Caliskan, 2010; Appian et al., 2013 and Nadeem et al., 2014).

Motivated employees build willingness to use their creativities, abilities and knowhow in favor of the organization (Markova and Ford, 2011) and it is related to productivity, organizational commitment and retention of the employees and hence their work performance increases (William, 2011 and Perera et al., 2014). A numberless of factors motivate people at work, some of which are tangible, such as money, and some of which are intangible, such as a sense of achievement (Sector, 2003). Although, employees obtain satisfaction from their work, or places of work, for different reasons, this study was concerned specifically with an assessment of the impact of employee motivation, and relating this to employees work performance. The primary point of emphasis is that the accomplishment of any business is greatly reliant on the inputs of its workers, and that such inputs are indomitable to a great individual quality, and of those aspects of the worker’s job environments that inspire them to devote extra substantial and intellectual energy into their job. In this aspect the organization’s objectives can be pursued and achieved. Motivation is therefore viewed as key determinants of organizational success on work performance.

1.2     Statement of the Problem

The performance of any organization depends on the level of motivation their employees are getting, employee motivation has been the heart of the research effort in recent times. How strong an organization motivates its workers in order to meet their mission, vision and mandate is of dominant concern. Employees in both public and private sector organizations are facing different challenges on. From the foregoing, and looking at today’s economic trend, it is evident that the pace of change in our business environment presents fresh challenges daily. Generally, every business entity desires to succeed and aspire to obtain constant advancement. The present time is extremely competitive and business entities, in spite of the size, technology and market focus is facing workforce retention disputes. To overcome these disputes of human resource productivity a well-built a positive relationship and tie, enthusiasm should be formed and uphold between employees and their organization’s management.

A huge number of employees worldwide if they don’t get pleasure from their employers, their level of work, enthusiasm, they often decide on seeking other employment where they might able to experience a higher degree of inspiration all this therefore determines the level of productivity of an employee.

1.3     Objective of the Study

The main objective of this study is to find out the impact of employee motivation on work performance in the Private sector, specifically the study intends:

1.     Find out the effect of employee well-being on the productivity of an employee

2.     Analyze the effect of motivation on work performance in Globacom Telecom, Otta,Ogun state

3.     Examine the effect of employee relationship with their employers on the level of employee efficiency

4.     Find out the effect of compensation on the productivity level of an employee

1.4     Research Question

1.     What is the effect of employee well-being on the productivity of an employee?

2.     Is there any effect of motivation on work performance in Globacom Telecom, Otta,Ogun state?

3.     Is there any effect of employee relationship with their employers on the level of employee productivity?

4.     What is the effect of compensation on the productivity level of an employee?

1.5     Research Hypothesis

Ho: there is no significant effect of motivation on work performance Globacom Telecom

Hi: there is significant effect of motivation on work performance Globacom Telecom

1.6     Significance of the Study

This research will be useful in different way, firstly this research will be expose business owners, managers and organizations to the concept of motivation and its effect on productivity. It also gives an insight to managers and business owners on the importance of knowing their employees and ensuring adequate motivation in their organizations, this research will also open the eyes of the government at different levels so as to formulate policies that would enhance the stability, growth and development of businesses throughout the region in matters concerning organizational productivity by seeking ways ensure that employees are adequately motivated in their various organizations thereby increasing overall productivity and performance levels.

And lastly this research will serve as a guide to other researchers that will embark on the same research and also serve as a reference point for other research.

1.7     Scope of the Study

This research will be conducted in Globacom Telecom in Ado-Odo otta, Ogun State, therefore the research wills examines employee motivation and its resulting effects on the on performance.

1.8     Delimitation of the Study

Finance for the general research work will be a challenge during the course of study. Correspondents also might not be able to complete or willing to submit the questionnaires given to them.

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