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AN ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY OF ANTENATAL CARE SERVICES IN PRIMARY HEALTH CENTRES IN AWKA SOUTH LGA OF ANAMBRA STATE

ABSTRACT Background: Antenatal care is a basic component of any reproductive health care programme and reproductive health is one of women’s fundamental human rights. It aims to achieve optimal health outcomes for the mother and the baby through early detection of complications and prompt treatment and it is one of the recommended interventions to reduce […]

AN ASSESSMENT OF PREVENTION OF MOTHER TO CHILD TRANSMISSION (PMTCT) OF HIV/AIDS IN ENUGU HOSPITALS

Abstract Introduction: Pregnant women living with HIV are at high risk of transmitting HIV to their infants during pregnancy, birth or through breastfeeding and without any interventions, between 20% and 45% of infants may become infected with an estimated risk of 5- 10% during pregnancy, 10-20% during labour and delivery, and 5-20% through breastfeeding.  Objective: […]

THE PREVALENCE AND TREATMENT OUTCOME OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN TUBERCULOSIS REFERRAL HOSPITAL EKU, DELTA STATE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic infectious disease caused by bacteria generally referred to as mycobacterium tuberculosis; almost every organ in the body can be affected, but involvement of the lungs account for more than 80% of TB cases. Tuberculosis affecting the lungs is called Pulmonary Tuberculosis (PTB), while […]

THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF BREAST SELF- EXAMINATION AMONG NURSES IN THE EFFIA NKWANTA REGIONAL HOSPITAL IN THE SEKONDI TAKORADI METROPOLIS

ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to compare the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of breast self-examination among nurses in Effia Nkwanta Regional Hospital of the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis in the Western Region of Ghana. Five research questions were formulated to guide the study. The descriptive design was used to conduct the study. The […]

THE IMPACT OF TRADITIONAL BIRTH ATTENDANT PRACTICE IN THE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SYSTEM

ABSTRACT The study is designed to examine the impact of traditional birth attendant practices (TBAs) in primary health care and on women. Randomly-selected women (n=100) were interviewed to gain a more thorough understanding of the impact of traditional birth attendant practices (TBAs) in primary health care. Research question 1: what made women start receiving care […]

SURVEY OF DRUGS PRESCRIBED FOR THE TREATMENT OF MALARIA AND COMPLIANCE LEVEL AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN TERTIARY HOSPITALS IN ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT   The purpose of this study was to survey antimalaria drug prescriptions and compliance to treatment among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in the two tertiary hospitals in Enugu State. The study surveyed 92 doctors from UNTH and ESUTH Parklane, Enugu. 368 pregnant women from both hospitals (156 from ESUT and 212 From UNTH) […]

SOME ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES FOR IDENTIFYING OBESITY IN PREGNANCY

Abstract   Obesity in pregnancy is currently a major health problem worldwide according the WHO. Prevalence of obesity during pregnancy has doubled in the past 20 years, and obesity is strongly associated with poor gestational and perinatal outcomes. Pregnancy is characterized as a brief observation period in which the anthropometric index undergoes rapid changes. The […]

PREVALENCE OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RISK FACTORS AMONG ADULTS IN ORLU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IMO STATE- NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of worldwide preventable morbidity and mortality. Globally certain risk factors have been found to account for up to 90% of cardiovascular disease and a large percentage are preventable through the reduction of the modifiable risk factors. However it is reported that there are millions of people with undiagnosed […]

PERCEPTION AND ACCEPTANCE OF CAESAREAN SECTION AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN (A CASE STUDYIN IUTH OKADA, EDO STATE)

Abstract This study was carried out on perception and acceptance of caesarean section among pregnant women in Igbinedion University Teaching Hospital (IUTH), Okada, Edo state. Maternal mortality is unacceptably high in low resource countries. This is disturbing, considering that some of these deaths are preventable through caesarean section. To determine the perception and factors associated […]

PATIENT PERCEPTION AND SATISFACTION WITH HEALTHCARE PROFESSIONALS AT PRIMARY CARE FACILITIES

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background of Study Primary Health Care forms the bedrock of the health-care services of a country. It is the quality of health care available to the majority of the population that determines the health status of the country and is the best indicator for the level of social development of the […]

Nurses’ Perception of Pain Assessment of Hospitalized Patients

ABSTRACT  The study investigated nurses’ perception of patients’ pain assessment in routine care. It was a crosssectional descriptive research design. Four hundred and fifty (450) nurses working in the two tertiary institutions in Ebonyi State were used. Two instruments were used for data collection. The researcher developed questionnaire and in depth interview guide to validate […]

NURSES ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE MANAGEMENT OF PAIN IN POST-OPERATIVE PATIENTS IN IMO STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL ORLU.

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to investigate nurses’ attitude towards the management of pain in post -operative patients in Imo State University Teaching Hospital Orlu. It was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving one hundred and ten (110) nurses working in the surgical wards of the hospital. The instrument for data collection was a […]

NON ADHERENCE TO MANAGEMENT REGIMEN AMONG ADULTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS ATTENDING OUTPATIENT CLINIC OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL ENUGU.

ABSTRACT Chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus require daily self management and long term therapies. Regimen adherence poses a unique challenge for patients with chronic illnesses including diabetics resulting to repeated hospital admissions, amputations and even death. There is paucity of information on regimen adherence behaviour among diabetic patients attending diabetic clinic at University of […]

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF STANDARD PRECAUTIONS AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN FEDERAL TEACHING HOSPITAL IDO-EKITI

ABSTRACT Standard precautions are a set of guidelines that aim to protect health care workers from infections from blood, body fluids secretions, excretions except sweat, non-intact skin, and mucous membranes while providing care to patients. However, compliance to the standard precautions is often low in low-income countries in spite of the greater risk of infection. […]

MEASURES UTILIZED FOR PREVENTION OF NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION IN THE LABOUR WARD OF UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR TEACHING HOSPITAL (UCTH), CALABAR

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background to the Study Nosocomial infection also known as Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI) is a localized or systemic infection acquired in a hospital or any other health care facility by a patient admitted for a reason other than the pathology present during admission. It may also include an infection acquired in a […]

MATERNAL HEALTH CARE SEEKING BEHAVIOUR AND PREGNANCY OUTCOME IN UDI AND ABIA COMMUNITIES ENUGU STATE

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the maternal health care seeking behaviour and pregnancy outcome of pregnant women in two rural communities in Enugu State. The objectives of study were to: (i) determine the gestational age at which pregnant women book for Antenatal Care(ANC) in Udi and Abiacommunities, (ii)determine how often pregnant […]

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF PATIENT TEACHING AMONG NURSES WORKING IN TERTIARY HEALTH INSTITUTIONS IN ENUGU

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of patient teaching among nurses working in selected tertiary health institutions in Enugu. The objectives of the study were to determine the nurses’ knowledge of patient teaching, attitude towards patient teaching and practice of patient teaching. A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was […]

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION OF LASSA FEVER AMONG PEOPLE ATTENDING PHC

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background of Study Lassa fever is one of the diseases for which weekly epidemiological reporting to the health authorities is being done in Nigeria. A rapidly changing epidemiological pattern had been reported over the years (Ogbu, Ajuluchukwu and Uneke, 2007). It causes mortality and morbidity where outbreaks occur worldwide including Nigeria […]

KNOWLEDGE OF BREAST CANCER, PRACTICE OF BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION AND BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION ENHANCEMENT STRATEGIES AMONG FEMALE UNDERGADUATES IN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS IN IMO STATE

Abstract This study was undertaken to determine the knowledge of breast cancer, practice of breast self-examination (BSE) and formulate BSE enhancement strategies among female undergraduates in higher institutions in Imo State. To guide the study, eleven specific objectives with corresponding research questions were formulated, while eight null hypotheses were postulated. The study utilized descriptive survey […]

KNOWLEDGE OF BREAST CANCER, ATTITUDE TOWARDS BREAST CANCER SCREENING AND PRACTICE OF BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION AMONG FEMALE STUDENTS OF IIUM KUANTAN

Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Background of the study Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among women and the top cancer in women both in the developed and the developing world (WHO, 2017). Breast cancer affects women all around the world, but the majority (69%) of all breast cancer deaths occur in developing countries. The […]

KNOWLEDGE AND USE OF GLASGOW COMA SCALE FOR NEUROLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF PATIENTS AMONG NURSES IN THE UNIVERSITY OF BENIN TEACHING HOSPITAL, BENIN CITY, EDO STATE.

ABSTRACT Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is a neurological assessment tool that gives a reliable, objective way of recording the level of conscious state of a person. Assessment of consciousness level is considered a primary action of health care practitioners, including nurses, who care for the patients with neurological or neurosurgical problems. Growing evidence suggests that […]

KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICE OF SCREENING FOR BREAST AND CERVICAL CANCER AMONG WOMEN IN UYO, AKWA IBOM STATE

ABSTRACT The purpose of the study was to investigate the knowledge and practice of screening tests for breast and cervical cancers among women in Uyo. Four specific objectives and corresponding research questions and hypotheses were used in the study. A descriptive cross-sectional design was adopted for the study. A multistage sampling technique was used to […]

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS RISK FOR ACQUIRING HIV AND USE OF VOLUNTARY COUNSELLING ANDTESTING AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS, ENUGU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ENUGU STATE.

ABSTRACT This study was designed to determine the knowledge and attitude towards risk of acquiring HIV and use of voluntary counseling and testing in senior secondary schools Enugu. The study sought answers to five research objectives and tested five hypotheses. The population of the study consisted of one thousand, three hundred and fifty eight (1358) […]

KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF PREGNANT WOMEN TOWARDS PRENATAL AND POSTNATAL EXERCISE IN MADONNA UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL (MUTH)

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to Study Safe maternity with improved neonatal outcomes is predicated on proper antenatal care services. Exercise has become a fundamental aspect of women’s lives and an important constituent of antenatal care. Wang and Apgar submitted that empirical data on the impact of exercise on the mother, the fetus, and the […]

KNOWLEDGE AND ADHERENCE OF PATIENTS WITH END STAGE RENAL DISEASE REGARDING HEMODIALYSIS IN FEDERAL TEACHING HOSPITAL, IDO-EKITI

ABSTRACT Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive irreversible structural and functional damage of the kidney. Between 1990 and 2010, chronic kidney disease has moved from 29th to 18th position in the list of total number of deaths with the poorest populations being at highest risk.The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge […]

INVESTIGATING THE SERVICES AND PRACTICES OF TRADITIONAL BIRTH ATTENDANTS IN MATERNAL AND NEONATAL HEALTH CARE IN SOUTHERN IJAW LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BAYELSA STATE

ABSTRACT Traditional Birth Attendants are traditional, independent non-formally trained and community based provider of care during pregnancy, labour and post partum period. Despite the important role TBAs play, some of their services and practices are very crude and ineffective. This analytical descriptive survey was therefore carried out to investigate the services and practices of TBAs […]

FOOD CRAVING AND AVERSION AMONG FIRST TIME PREGNANT WOMEN IN SELECTED HEALTH FACILITIES IN ENUGU METROPOLIS ENUGU STATE

ABSTRACT This study was aimed at examining the food craving and aversion among first time pregnant women in selected health facilities in Enugu metropolis. The objectives of this study were to determine the type of food first time pregnant women crave for or have aversion to, identify their reasons for their specific food craving and […]

HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOR TOWARDS HEALTH PROMOTION AMONG FAMILIES WITH ELDERLY IN ISIALA MBANO LGA IMO STATE

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to find out the health seeking behavior towards health promotion among families with elderly in Isiala Mbano LGA Imo State. To achieve this purpose the ex- post facto research design was used to assess 399 respondents drawn from three clans of Isiala Mbano LGA through stratified sampling technique. […]

COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE USE AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN IN UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE, NIGERIA

Abstract This study was designed to obtain information on the use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) among pregnant women in Udi LGA of Enugu State. Cross sectional descriptive survey design was used for the study. A sample of 400 pregnant women was systematically drawn from the twenty political wards in Udi Local Government Area […]

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PATIENTS’ AND NURSES’ PERCEPTIONS OF NURSE CARING BEHAVIOURS IN TWO TERTIARY HOSPITALS IN JOS

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to comparatively assess patients’ and nurses’ perceptions of nurse caring behaviours in Jos University Teaching hospital (JUTH) and Plateau State Specialist Hospital (PSSH) Jos. A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was employed to study 332 patients and nurses. No sampling was done as all the subjects who met the […]

ATTITUDE OF NURSING STUDENTS’ TOWARDS THE MENTALLY ILL BEFORE AND AFTER PSYCHIATRIC TRAINING EXPERIENCE IN FEDERAL NEUROPSYCHIATRIC HOSPITAL ENUGU, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Globally, a persistent negative attitude and social rejection of people with mental illness has prevailed throughout history in every social and religious culture. Having a mental health problem often stimulates with it a negative attitude, and such negative attitudes towards the mentally ill constitute great burden. This study aimed at assessing the attitude of […]

EFFECTIVENESS OF EXCLUSIVE BREASTFEEDING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF UNDER-5 CHILDREN

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of exclusive breastfeeding in the development of children under-five in Benue State, Nigeria. To achieve this purpose, 10 hospitals were randomly selected using multi-stage sampling technique (simple random, stratified, and purposive sampling techniques). The data was collected using close-ended questionnaire. 500 questionnaires were distributed […]

DETERMINANTS OF CHILD BEARING WOMEN’S CHOICE HEALTH CARE

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study Increasing women’s access to quality skilled attendant has become a focus of global efforts to realize the right of every woman to the best possible healthcare during pregnancy and childbirth (UNFPA, 2010). Several authors have postulate that skilled attendants during labour, delivery and in the early […]

AWARENESS OF THE DANGERS OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY AND MOTHERHOOD AMONG TEENAGE MOTHERS IN IKA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1    Background of Study The number of teenagers giving birth each year is staggering. In fact more than 10% of young mothers are teenagers. Nigerian birth rate for adolescent is one of the highest in the world and the prevalence among female adolescent in Nigeria of sexually transmitted infection including HIV is […]

ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO-CULTURAL RISK FACTORS FOR MATERNAL MORTALITY AMONG CHILDBEARING WOMEN IN AMECHI AWKUNANAW IN ENUGU

Abstract Socio-cultural risk factors for maternal mortality was noticed by the researcher during her community posting programme in Amechi Awkunanaw, where 2 out of every 20 deliveries resulted in death of a mother in addition to unregistered deaths. It was also observed that those deaths were most often connected with poor knowledge of risk factors […]

ASSESSMENT OF SAFE MOTHERHOOD PRACTICES AMONG WOMEN RECEIVING ANTE NATAL CARE IN NKPOR URBAN, ANAMBRA STATE NIGERIA

ABSTRACT Background: Most developed countries have made significant progress in addressing maternal morbidity and maternity, but it appears that countries with very high maternal mortality burdens have made little progress in improving maternal health outcomes.  Despite having only about 2% of the world’s population, Nigeria contribute about 10% of the World’s maternal deaths8 knowledge about […]

ASSESSMENT OF ACCESS AND USE OF PROTECTIVE METHODS AMONG PATIENTS AVAILING HIV/AIDS HEALTH CARE SERVICES IN ANAMBRA STATE UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL

ABSTRACT This study was carried out to assess the access and use of protective methods among patients availing HIV/AIDS healthcare services in Anambra State University Teaching Hospital. Six research questions were formulated and tested with respect to the type of healthcare information available on HIV/AIDS, sources of information, awareness of information by HIV/AIDS patients, access […]

AN ANALYSIS OF THE INCREASE IN MORTALITY RATE AS A RESULT OF ABORTION AMONG YOUNG WOMEN

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background of Study Unintended pregnancy is a pregnancy that is either mistimed or unwanted at the time of conception. It is a core concept in understanding the fertility of populations and the unmet need for contraception. Unintended pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of morbidity for women, and with health […]

MATERNAL WEIGHT CHANGES IN PREGNANCY AS A MEANS OF PREDICTING LOW BIRTH WEIGHT AND LARGE FOR GESTATIONAL AGE BABIES

ABSTRACT Introduction: Low Birth Weight which is birth weight of less than 2500g remains a significant public health problem from short to long term consequences. It is responsible for significant neonatal morbidities, mortalities and disability in infancy and childhood which is associated with long term impact on health outcomes in later life General Objective: The […]

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