COMPLETE SCHOOL PROJECT TOPICS & MATERIALS:
CHAPTERS: Chapter 1-5
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The objective of this study is to assess the recapitalization policy and the banks performance in Nigeria, also to know the history of recapitalization policy and how it has fare over the years, and the benefit of this recapitalization to Nigeria banks. Data were sourced from secondary sources, this secondary data include, online source, journals and central bank of Nigeria statistical bulletin publication. The major findings indicate that recapitalization policy has significant effect on bank performances in Nigeria, these significant effect are enhancing capabilities to finance larger project, increase in financial deepening, increase in foreign investment, building public confidence, investment in the real sector of the economy, higher returns to the shareholder, financial system stability etc. All these significant effect is as a result of increment of capital base of banks over the years, saving mobilization and real gross domestic products.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Approval page ————————————————— i
1.0 Introduction ———————————————-9
1.1 Background of the study ———————————-9-11
1.2 Statement of research problems ————————–11-12
1.3 Objectives of the study ————————————–12-13
1.4 Significance of the study ————————————13-14
1.5 Statement of research hypothesis ————————–14
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study —————————14
2.0 Definition of concepts ———————————————15
2.1.1 Concept of recapitalization ————————————15
2.1.2 Banking Industry ————————————————16
2.1.3 Consolidation ————————————————–16-17
2.1.4 Reform ———————————————————–17-18
2.2 Theoretical Framework ——————————————-18
2.2.1 History of banks recapitalization in Nigeria ————–18-21
2.2.2 Bank consolidation through merger and acquisition —-
2.2.3 Organic (internal) Growth ————————————
Empirical Framework —————————————–
2.3.1 Historical Background of Banking in Nigeria ————-
Post Consolidation ——————————————
2.3.3 Examination of the capital base of Nigeria banks after
the consolidation exercise ———————————–
Challenges Facing the Banking Industry In Nigeria —–
2.5 Rationale for Recapitalization in the Nigerian
Banking Industry ———————————————48-50
2.6 Benefits of Recapitalization ———————————–50-56
3.0 Research methodology —————————————–57
3.1 Method of Analysis ——————————————–57-58
3.2 Model Specification ——————————————-58
3.3 Estimation Procedure —————————————–58-59
3.4 Evaluation method ———————————————59
3.4.1 Evaluation based on Economic Criteria ———————–59
3.4.2 Evaluation based on Statistical Criteria ———————-60
3.5 Data Sources and Adjustments ——————————60-61
4.1 Presentation of Result ——————————————62
4.2 Analysis of the Result ——————————————-62
4.2.1 Analysis of the Regression Coefficients ———————62-63
4.2.2 Analysis of the Evaluation Method ————————vi
18.104.22.168Evaluation based on Economic Criteria ——————63-64
22.214.171.124Evaluation based on Statistical Criteria ——————64-66
126.96.36.199 Evaluation based on Econometric Criteria ————–66-69
4.3Evaluation of research hypothesis —————————–69-70
5.1 Summary policy recommendation and Conclusion ——-71
5.1.1 Summary ——————————————————–71-72
5.1..2 Policy recommendation ————————————72-73
5.1.3 Conclusion ——————————————————–73
1.1 Background of the study
The financial sector is one of the dominant economic sectors
in Nigeria. Banks are key players i sectors; they occupy a delicate position in the economic
equation of any country such that their (good or bad) performance invariably affects the economy of the country (Wilson 2006). Studies here shown that the banking sector which actually started in Nigeria in 1892 (Nwankwo 1980) has been largely volatile within spates of banking failure experienced in most parts of the 1990s and in the early and mid 2000s.
The strategy often utilized to strengthen banks in Nigeria and save them from financial distress is capital regulation by the central bank of Nigeria (CBN). A cursory look at the history of banking in Nigeria reveals that the CBN has found reason to share up the capital base of Nigeria bank, a number of times since 1980s from a modest value of N10million naira minimum paid up capital in 1988, Nigerian. Commercial banks were required to maintain capita not below N50million in 1991. Between 1991 and 2005 subsequent increase have also been made ranging from N50million in 1997 N1billion 2001; N2billion in 2002 to N25billion in 2005 (Onaolapo 2006) within 18months and also to consolidate the banking institution through merger and acquisitions before 31 December 2005.
This was an effect to instill discipline into the financial system and to reposition Nigerian banks for global integration the governor of the CBN Charles Soludo (Prof.) on 6th July 2004 presented the 13point reform agenda at a special meeting of the bankers committee in Abuja on this new bank reforms.
The agenda was envisaged to facilitate greater mobilization of resources and improvement in financial intermediation, deepen and widen the capital and money markets and ultimately stimulate development of the private sector.
Prior to the banking sector reforms of 2004 there were 89banks with about 3,300 branches as at July 31st, 2004. The 89banks had a total asset of US and 18.0billion (Bullion CBN vol.30 No, 2). This was in sharp contrast to South Africa for example, where only 8banks had assets worth more than all
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89banks in Nigeria put together. The reform of the Nigerian banking industry is therefore aimed at strengthening the banking system and refocusing it to play its intermediation role more effectively.
The researcher’s interest on this s observation that recapitalization policy has both significant
effect and no significant effect on bank performance.
1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEMS
The frequent interruptions by the government reversal of policies, weak government appointed staff poor and minimal supervision and monitoring of financial reporting and other short comings worsened the banking sector problems and its performance. The Nigerian banking system has therefore just been re- energized through the recapitalization policy and other measure such as bank consolidation as a means of reducing the effects of any crisis that may arise from future failure. The exercise witnessed mergers and acquisitions by some banks. This is expected to pose some problems to these banks.
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The challenges which have come about as a result of the recapitalization policy has to be mitigated to enable us realize the maximum bank performance in Nigeria. The Nigeria banking sector must therefore be evaluated and re-energized to face these challenges. The study therefore seeks to examine the recapitalization policy and bank performance in Nigeria.
Specifically the study seeks to provide answers to the following questions;
1. What is the mean of recapitalization policy in banking industry?
2. What is the rationale for recapitalization in the Nigerian banking industry?
3. How has recapitalization of the banking industry in Nigerian fared thus far?
4. What are the effects of recapitalization on the Nigeria bank?
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objective of the study is to critically examine the recapitalization policy and bank performance in Nigeria. The specific objectives are to;
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